Raghavan U. M. Palaniappan

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We previously reported the cloning and characterization of leptospiral immunoglobulin-like proteins LigA and LigB of Leptospira interrogans. LigA and LigB are conserved at the amino-terminal region but are variable at the carboxyl-terminal region. Here, we evaluate the potential of recombinant LigA (rLigA) as a vaccine candidate against infection by L.(More)
A clone expressing a novel immunoreactive leptospiral immunoglobulin-like protein A of 130 kDa (LigA) from Leptospira interrogans serovar pomona type kennewicki was isolated by screening a genomic DNA library with serum from a mare that had recently aborted due to leptospiral infection. LigA is encoded by an open reading frame of 3,675 bp, and the deduced(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Leptospirosis is among the most important zoonotic diseases worldwide. Completion of the genomic sequences of leptospires has facilitated advances in diagnosis and prevention of the disease, and yielded insight into its pathogenesis. This article reviews this research, emphasizing recent progress. RECENT FINDINGS Leptospirosis is caused(More)
The search for novel antigens suitable for improved vaccines and diagnostic reagents against leptospirosis led to the identification of LigA and LigB. LigA and LigB expression were not detectable at the translation level but were detectable at the transcription level in leptospires grown in vitro. Lig genes were present in pathogenic serovars of Leptospira,(More)
Leptospiral putative outer membrane proteins (OMPs) are likely to be essential components of more effective vaccines. Recently completed genomic sequences of Leptospira allowed us to target putative OMPs for the development of recombinant vaccines. We focused on 12 putative OMPs that had no homology with other organisms listed in the NCBI database except(More)
Leptospirosis is globally important infectious disease affecting almost all mammals. Pathogenic Leptospira encodes immunoglobulin-like protein (Lig) that is found to express only during infection. We report the development of conventional and real time PCR assays targeting lig genes of leptospires for the early diagnosis of leptospirosis. Sensitivity of the(More)
Salmonella enterica serovar Choleraesuis is a host-adapted pathogen that causes swine paratyphoid. Signature-tagged mutagenesis (STM) was used to understand the pathogenicity of S. enterica serovar Choleraesuis in its natural host and also to develop novel attenuated live vaccine candidates against this disease. A library of 960 signature-tagged mutants of(More)
To accurately determine the pathotypes of Escherichia coli strains, a comprehensive assessment of each strain that targets multiple genes is required. A new approach to the identification and characterization of E. coli pathotypes was developed by constructing gene-specific probes (70-mers) for not only the virulence genes associated with each E. coli(More)
BACKGROUND Many bacterial surface exposed proteins mediate the host-pathogen interaction more effectively in the presence of Ca²+. Leptospiral immunoglobulin-like (Lig) proteins, LigA and LigB, are surface exposed proteins containing Bacterial immunoglobulin like (Big) domains. The function of proteins which contain Big fold is not known. Based on the(More)
We demonstrated earlier that immunization with recombinant Leptospira immunoglobulin like protein A (LigA) induced significant protection against virulent Leptospira interrogans serovar Pomona challenge in hamsters. However, the protective immune mechanism remains unclear. In the present study we demonstrated the protective efficacy of a LigA DNA vaccine(More)