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The gross surgical pathologic features of the mitral valve were reviewed in 712 patients who had undergone mitral valve replacement at our institution during 1965, 1970, 1975, 1980, and 1985. Among the 452 cases of mitral stenosis, either with or without mitral insufficiency, 99% were attributable to postinflammatory disease and 1% were related to(More)
The gross surgical pathologic features of the aortic valve were reviewed in 225 patients who had had clinically pure aortic insufficiency and aortic valve replacement at our institution during the years 1965, 1970, 1975, and 1980. The four most common causes of aortic regurgitation were postinflammatory disease (46%), aortic root dilatation (21%),(More)
To determine the normal anatomic radiographic land-marks of the ankle syndesmosis, standardized anterior-posterior radiographs of the right ankle were performed on 40 male and 40 female volunteers. The average tibiofibular clear space was 3.8 mm in females, 4.6 mm in males, and 4.2 mm overall. The tibiofibular overlap measured 6.0 mm in females, 9.6 mm in(More)
The effect of repetitive brief periods of coronary occlusion on subsequent prolonged ischemic insult was studied using a swine heart model. Four 5-min episodes of left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) occlusion, each separated by 10 min of reperfusion, did not affect any of the regional or global myocardial functions examined, except that the level(More)
The gross surgical pathologic features of the aortic valve were reviewed in 374 patients who had had clinically pure aortic stenosis and aortic valve replacement at our institution during the years 1965, 1970, 1975, and 1980. The most common cause of aortic stenosis, accounting for 46% of our cases, was calcification of a congenitally bicuspid valve. In the(More)
The gross surgical pathologic features of the aortic valve were reviewed in 213 patients who had had clinically combined aortic stenosis and insufficiency and aortic valve replacement at our institution during the years 1965, 1970, 1975, and 1980. The three most common causes were postinflammatory disease (69%) and calcification of congenitally bicuspid(More)
A retrospective cohort study was carried out in 61 patients (30 males, 31 females, age 24.6 +/- 11.8 years) with primary pulmonary hypertension diagnosed by strict clinical and hemodynamic criteria, to obtain an understanding of the natural history and prognostic markers. While 15 patients were alive, 46 patients (76%) had expired during the follow up(More)
25 patients with angiographic features suggestive of endomyocardial fibrosis underwent endocardiectomy and atrioventricular valve replacement. There were 8 deaths. 17 survivors were reevaluated after a mean follow-up of 13.5 months. 8 had right ventricular endomyocardial fibrosis (RVEMF) 5 had left ventricular endomyocardial fibrosis (LVEMF) and 4 had(More)