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Epithelial cells can respond to conserved bacterial products that are internalized after either bacterial invasion or liposome treatment of cells. We report here that the noninvasive Gram-negative pathogen Helicobacter pylori was recognized by epithelial cells via Nod1, an intracellular pathogen-recognition molecule with specificity for Gram-negative(More)
Delta1 acts as a membrane-bound ligand that interacts with the Notch receptor and plays a critical role in cell fate specification. By using peptide affinity chromatography followed by mass spectrometry, we have identified Dlg1 as a partner of the Delta1 C-terminal region. Dlg1 is a human homolog of the Drosophila Discs large tumor suppressor, a member of(More)
Cells have various surface architectures, which allow them to carry out different specialized functions. Actin microfilaments that are associated with the plasma membrane are important for generating these cell-surface specializations, and also provide the driving force for remodelling cell morphology and triggering new cell behaviour when the environment(More)
Villin is an actin-binding protein localized in intestinal and kidney brush borders. In vitro, villin has been demonstrated to bundle and sever F-actin in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner. We generated knockout mice to study the role of villin in vivo. In villin-null mice, no noticeable changes were observed in the ultrastructure of the microvilli or in the(More)
Host defense against microbes requires the development of an efficient immune response aimed to eradicate the source of infection. Through the expression of a battery of germ-line encoded receptors, including the Toll-like receptors and Nod proteins, the innate immune system, which is a prerequisite to the adaptive immune response, detects microbial motifs(More)
Aspergillus fumigatus causes invasive aspergillosis in immunosuppressed patients. In the immunocompetent host, inhaled conidia are cleared by alveolar macrophages. The signaling pathways of the alveolar macrophage involved in the clearance of A. fumigatus are poorly understood. Therefore, we investigated the role of TLRs in the immune response against A.(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and natural killer cells help control infections and tumors via a killing activity that is mediated by the release of cytotoxic granules. Granule secretion at the synapse formed between the CTL and the target cell leads to apoptosis of the latter. This process involves polarization of the CTL's secretory machinery and(More)
Villin is an actin-binding protein localized in intestinal and kidney brush borders. In vitro, villin has been demonstrated to bundle and sever F-actin in a Ca 2 ϩ-dependent manner. We generated knockout mice to study the role of villin in vivo. In villin-null mice, no noticeable changes were observed in the ultrastructure of the microvilli or in the(More)
Villin plays a key role in the maintenance of the brush border organization by bundling F-actin into a network of parallel filaments. Our previous in vivo data on villin knockout mice showed that, although this protein is not necessary for the bundling of F-actin, it is important for the reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton elicited by stress(More)
Changes in cell architecture, essentially linked to profound cytoskeleton rearrangements, are common features accompanying cell transformation. Supporting the involvement of the microfilament network in tumor cell behavior, several actin-binding proteins, including zyxin, a potential regulator of actin polymerization, may play a role in oncogenesis. In this(More)