Rafik Zouari

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Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and its co-receptor CD14 play a major role in innate immunity by recognizing PAMPs and signal the activation of adaptive responses. These receptors can recognize endogenous ligands mainly auto-antigens. In addition, TLR4 (Asp299Gly) and CD14 (C/T -159) polymorphisms (SNPs) may modify qualitatively and/or quantitatively their(More)
Flutter is a critical instability phenomenon for aircrafts. In previous investigations, the authors have proposed several online statistical subspace-based algorithms for flutter monitoring. Each algorithm monitors some stability criterion (damping, flutter margin...) w.r.t. a fixed reference flight point using the online Cusum test. The drawback of this(More)
BACKGROUND Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of unknown cause that is notorious for the chronic polyarticular synovial inflammation and progressive destruction of affected joints. Understanding the pathogenesis of RA provides the basis for optimal management of that disease in patients. The pathogenesis of RA was largely explored(More)
Fourteen patients (12 men, 2 women) with spondyloarthropathies underwent bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), transbronchial biopsy (TBB) and other respiratory investigations. BAL revealed lymphocytosis and increased nonaltered neutrophil polynuclears in a smoker and an isolated lymphocytosis in one patient with restrictive syndrome and radiographic apical(More)
This study aimed to investigate HLA-DRB1 alleles in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients from Tunisia and to examine the effect of these alleles on disease severity. HLA-DRBI alleles and sub-typing of DRBI*04 and *01 were determined in 90 patients and 100 healthy controls, by PCR-SSP. HLA-DRB1*04 was significantly higher in patients (51.1%) than in controls(More)
The authors report a case of a 37 years old man with Behçet's disease since 7 years who develops a destructive chronic polyarthritis involving wrists, hands and one knee. The parallel evolution between recurrent orogenital ulceration and arthritis added to the absence of other associated destructive rheumatism permit to link this polyarthritis to Behçet(More)
Trochanteric tuberculosis represents less than 2% of all musculo-skeletal tuberculosis. The diagnosis is difficult especially if abscess and fistula are missing. The authors report 3 cases of trochanteric tuberculosis. The diagnosis was established, respectively, 4, 9 months and 1 year after the beginning of the symptoms. The tuberculosis was plurifocal in(More)
BACKGROUND It is well documented that in early rheumatoid arthritis, anti-CCP antibodies have better diagnostic value than rheumatoid factors and anti-keratin antibodies. However, their role is less well defined in patients with established or long duration disease. AIM To evaluate and to compare diagnostic performances of anti- CCP, anti-keratin, IgM and(More)