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When rats are exposed to [14C]vinyl chloride in a closed system, the vinyl chloride present in the atmosphere equilibrates with the animals' organism within 15 min. The course of equilibration could be determined using rats which had been given 6-nitro-1,2,3-benzothiadiazole. This compound completely blocks metabolism of vinyl chloride. The enzymes(More)
To investigate the factors responsible for the high sensitivity of the livers of young rats to the carcinogenic stimulus of vinyl chloride (VC) adult and 11-day-old Wistar rats were exposed to [1,2-14C] VC. Adult rats received either a single 6-h exposure, or 2 single 6-h exposures separated by a treatment-free time interval of 15 h. Eleven-day-old rats(More)
Metabolism of 1,3-butadiene to 1,2-epoxybutene-3 in rats follows saturation kinetics. Comparative investigation of inhalation pharmacokinetics in mice also revealed a saturation pattern. For both species "linear" pharmacokinetics apply at exposure concentrations below 1000 ppm 1,3-butadiene; saturation of butadiene metabolism is observed at atmospheric(More)
B6C3F1 mice and Wistar rats were exposed to [1,4-14C]1,3-butadiene in a closed exposure system. Based on body weight, mice metabolized the test compound at about twice the rate, compared to rats. Nucleoproteins and DNA were isolated from the livers of the animals and covalent binding of [14C]-butadiene-derived radioactivity was determined. In both species(More)
Chloroethylene oxide, an ultimate carcinogenic metabolite of vinyl chloride, was reacted with poly(deoxyguanylate-deoxycytidylate); the nucleic acid base adducts, 7-(2-oxoethyl)guanine and 3,N4-ethenocytosine, were analyzed by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Chloroethylene oxide-modified poly(deoxyguanylate-deoxycytidylate) was assayed(More)
Olefinic hydrocarbons are metabolized in vivo by cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenases to the corresponding epoxides. The maximum in vivo metabolic rate, which is an important toxicokinetic parameter, has been used to define the apparent rate constant (kapp) describing in vivo metabolic reactivity of alkenes. To derive kapp, the metabolic rate normalized(More)
Rat liver microsomes were incubated with NADPH, 1,2-[(14)C] vinyl chloride and poly-adenosine. The latter was reisolated from the incubations and hydrolyzed. The radioactivity, originating from [(14)C] vinyl chloride, which was irreversibly attached to the poly-adenosine was confined to 1-N(6)-etheno-adenosine (3beta-ribofuranosyl-imidazo [2,1,i] purine).(More)