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When rats are exposed to [14C]vinyl chloride in a closed system, the vinyl chloride present in the atmosphere equilibrates with the animals' organism within 15 min. The course of equilibration could be determined using rats which had been given 6-nitro-1,2,3-benzothiadiazole. This compound completely blocks metabolism of vinyl chloride. The enzymes(More)
Rat liver microsomes were incubated with NADPH, 1,2-[(14)C] vinyl chloride and poly-adenosine. The latter was reisolated from the incubations and hydrolyzed. The radioactivity, originating from [(14)C] vinyl chloride, which was irreversibly attached to the poly-adenosine was confined to 1-N(6)-etheno-adenosine (3beta-ribofuranosyl-imidazo [2,1,i] purine).(More)
Halogenated ethylenes are metabolized to reactive intermediates which covalently bind to different cellular targets. Vinyl chloride and vinyl bromide metabolites bind to DNA, preferably to N-7 of deoxyguanosine. With RNA, 1,N6-ethenoadenosine and, 3,N4-ethenocytidine moieties are formed. All the haloethylenes in which this effect has been studied form(More)
Chloroethylene oxide, an ultimate carcinogenic metabolite of vinyl chloride, was reacted with poly(deoxyguanylate-deoxycytidylate); the nucleic acid base adducts, 7-(2-oxoethyl)guanine and 3,N4-ethenocytosine, were analyzed by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Chloroethylene oxide-modified poly(deoxyguanylate-deoxycytidylate) was assayed(More)
Studies were conducted on inhalation pharmacokinetics of 1,3-butadiene and of its primary reactive metabolic intermediate 1,2-epoxybutene-3 in rats (Sprague-Dawley) and mice (B6C3F1). Investigations of inhalation pharmacokinetics of 1,3-butadiene revealed saturation kinetics of 1,3-butadiene metabolism in both species. For rats and mice linear(More)
B6C3F1 mice and Wistar rats were exposed to [1,4-14C]1,3-butadiene in a closed exposure system. Based on body weight, mice metabolized the test compound at about twice the rate, compared to rats. Nucleoproteins and DNA were isolated from the livers of the animals and covalent binding of [14C]-butadiene-derived radioactivity was determined. In both species(More)
To investigate the factors responsible for the high sensitivity of the livers of young rats to the carcinogenic stimulus of vinyl chloride (VC) adult and 11-day-old Wistar rats were exposed to [1,2-14C] VC. Adult rats received either a single 6-h exposure, or 2 single 6-h exposures separated by a treatment-free time interval of 15 h. Eleven-day-old rats(More)
The state of the literature led to a re-investigation of the alkylation products caused by vinyl chloride metabolites in DNA. When rat liver microsomes, an NADPH-regenerating system, DNA and [14C]vinyl chloride were incubated and, when the DNA was subsequently re-isolated and (enzymatically) hydrolyzed, chromatograms (on Aminex A-6) showed the presence of(More)