Raffaella Pierleoni

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In order to analyse gene expression during fruit body development of the ectomychorrizal fungus Tuber borchii Vittad., a modified differential display procedure was set up. The procedure used is easier and faster than the traditional one and generates reproducible cDNA banding patterns that can be resolved on a standard ethidium bromide-agarose gel. From 16(More)
Fruit body development is a particular phase of the Tuber life cycle, characterised by the aggregation of different types of hyphae, i.e., vegetative hyphal cells and highly specialised reproductive hyphae (asci). In order to identify the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) produced in different stages of the Tuber borchii ripening fruit body, solid-phase(More)
The nitrate assimilation pathway represents a useful model system in which to study the contribution of a mycorrhizal fungus to the nitrogen nutrition of its host plant. In the present work we cloned and characterized the nitrate reductase gene (tbnr1) from Tuber borchii. The coding region of tbnr1 is 2787 nt in length, and it encodes a protein of 929 amino(More)
Ectomycorrhizal symbiosis is a ubiquitous association between plant roots and numerous fungal species. One of the main aspects of the ectomycorrhizal association are the regulation mechanisms of fungal genes involved in nitrogen acquisition. We report on the genomic organisation of the nitrate gene cluster and functional regulation of tbnir1, the nitrite(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) are used by organisms to transduce extra cellular signals from the environment in cellular events such as proliferation and differentiation. In the present study, we have characterized the first MAPK from the ectomycorrhizal fungus Tuber borchii (TBMK) which belongs to the YERK1 (yeast extra cellular regulated(More)
The homocysteine synthase (tbhos) and putative sulfate transporter (tbsul1) genes have been characterized in order to understand the sulfate metabolism and regulation in the ectomycorrhizal fungus Tuber borchii. The analyses of tbsul1 and tbhos nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences led to the identification of the typical domains shown in homologous(More)
The metabolism of [1-13C]glucose in the vegetative mycelium of the ectomycorrhizal ascomycete Tuber borchii was studied in order to characterize the biochemical pathways for the assimilation of glucose and amino acid biosynthesis. The pathways were characterized using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in conjunction with [1-13C]glucose labeling. The(More)
We present here a high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the evaluation of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase activity. The automated method was applied to fungal and mouse liver extracts and validated by the addition of mevastatin to the reaction mixture and by several intra- and inter-day assays. This method offers(More)
The isoprenoid pathway of the ectomycorrhizal fungus Tuber borchii Vittad is investigated to better understand the molecular mechanisms at work, in particular during the maturation of the complex ascomata (the so-called “truffles”). Three T. borchii genes coding for the most important regulatory enzymes of the isoprenoid biosynthesis,(More)
Enolase from Tuber borchii mycelium was purified to electrophoretical homogeneity using an anion-exchange and a gel permeation chromatography. Furthermore, the corresponding gene (eno-1) was cloned and characterized. The purified enzyme showed a higher affinity for 2-PGA (0.26 mM) with respect to PEP; the stability and activity of enolase were dependent of(More)