Raffaella Petruzzelli

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In the central nervous system glial-derived S100B protein has been associated with inflammation via nitric oxide (NO) production. As the role of enteroglial cells in inflammatory bowel disease has been poorly investigated in humans, we evaluated the association of S100B and NO production in ulcerative colitis (UC). S100B mRNA and protein expression,(More)
Energy metabolism is intrinsic to cell viability but surprisingly has been little studied in human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). The current study aims to investigate the effect of environmental O2 tension on carbohydrate utilisation of hESCs. Highly pluripotent hESCs cultured at 5% O2 consumed significantly more glucose, less pyruvate and produced more(More)
Low O2 tension is beneficial for human embryonic stem cell (hESC) maintenance but the mechanism of regulation is unknown. HIF-2α was found to bind directly to predicted hypoxic response elements (HREs) in the proximal promoter of OCT4, NANOG and SOX2 only in hESCs cultured under hypoxia (5% O2). This binding induced an array of histone modifications(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Enteric glia participates to the homeostasis of the gastrointestinal tract. In the central nervous system, increased expression of astroglial-derived S100B protein has been associated with the onset and maintaining of inflammation. The role of enteric glial-derived S100B protein in gastrointestinal inflammation has never been investigated(More)
The results of studies on the serologic responses to Afipia felis and Rochalimaea henselae in suspected patients for Cat Scratch Disease (CSD) are illustrated. This preliminary study performed using Indirect Immunofluorescence Assay, proved negative for A. felis and R. henselae in some patients and positive in others; in a few instances the test was(More)
Intracellular pathogens have evolved effective mechanisms in order to survive in an intracellular environment, thus avoiding destruction by phagocytic cells. In this regard, a correlation between resistance to phagocytic killing and expression of pathogenic potency has been established. In this report, we have studied the interaction between human(More)
BACKGROUND Polymorphisms of genes involved in the regulation of the immune response are risk factors for achalasia, but their contribution to disease pathogenesis is unknown. Nitric oxide is involved both in immune function and inhibitory neurotransmission. OBJECTIVE The objective of this article is to assess the association and the functional relevance(More)
A method based on immunomagnetic sorting of reticulocytes from peripheral blood was set up and combined to a commercial extraction kit for the isolation of total RNA from whole blood. This procedure resulted in high-quality RNA samples suitable for molecular analysis. We used this procedure to analyse erythroid-specific transcripts, starting from peripheral(More)
Impaired switching from fetal haemoglobin (HbF) to adult globin gene expression leads to hereditary persistence of fetal haemoglobin (HPFH) in adult life. This is of prime interest because elevated HbF levels ameliorate β-thalassaemia and sickle cell anaemia. Fetal haemoglobin levels are regulated by complex mechanisms involving factors linked or not to the(More)
Cat scratch disease (CSD) is a clinical condition whose aetiological agent, according to recent findings, is of bacterial origin. Two Gram-negative bacteria are invoked as causative agents of CSD, namely Afipia felis and Rochalimaea henselae. In this paper, five patients with suspected CSD were studied in terms of binding capacity of A. felis and R.(More)