Raffaella Nenna

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Celiac disease (CD) is a rare example of multifactorial disorder in which a genetic test is of great clinical relevance, as the disease rarely develops in the absence of specific HLA alleles. We typed DR-DQ genes in 437 Italian children with celiac disease, 834 first-degree relatives, and 551 controls. Of patients, 91% carried DQ2 and/or DQ8 heterodimers,(More)
OBJECTIVES Patchy villous atrophy of the duodenal mucosa has been described in adults with untreated celiac disease (CD) but not in children. The authors evaluated the presence and the distribution of villous atrophy in children with celiac disease to see whether this histologic pattern exists in children. METHODS We studied 95 children at diagnosis(More)
BACKGROUND Celiac disease (CD) is a complex disorder triggered by gluten affecting genetically predisposed individuals. More than 90% of patients carry human lymphocyte antigen (HLA)-DQ2 (DQA1*05, DQB1*02) and/or HLA-DQ8 (DQA1*03, DQB1*0302). We propose the use of the DQ-CD Typing kit that allows identification of the HLA class II alleles(More)
We read with interest the lead article by Casterà and Pinzani, particularly the comment regarding the role of transient elastography (TE) in the context of acute hepatitis (AH). The assumption that liver stiffness is determined exclusively by hepatic fibrosis has been challenged by evidence that patients with AH can have high values of liver stiffness(More)
BACKGROUND Preliminary results suggest that pertussis infection might be considered in infants during a seasonal respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) outbreak. METHODS In order to analyze clinical features and laboratory findings in infants with pertussis hospitalized for acute respiratory symptoms during a seasonal RSV outbreak, we conducted a retrospective(More)
OBJECTIVE Antiendomysial antibody (EMA) production has been induced in vitro by the small bowel mucosa of celiac disease (CD) patients in clinical remission cultured in the presence of gliadin peptides. The aim of the present study was to use this in vitro system to determine whether it could be used to predict the clinical or histologic relapse to gluten(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether celiac children are at risk for EEG-neurological features and sleep disordered breathing (SDB), and whether an appropriate gluten-free diet (GFD) influences these disorders. METHODS We consecutively enrolled 19 children with a new biopsy-proven celiac disease (CD) diagnosis. At CD diagnosis and after 6 months of GFD, each(More)
OBJECTIVES Surgery for vascular anomalies can occasionally fail to relieve symptoms, especially when severe tracheobronchial malacia persists. We studied outcomes in children who underwent airway stenting for severe post-surgical airway malacia and tested known clinical and surgical prognostic factors. METHODS Among 257 children evaluated for(More)
OBJECTIVES Celiac disease (CD)-related lesions have been reported in duodenal bulb biopsies, sometimes the bulb mucosa being the only one affected. The aim was to verify in a significant series whether histological lesions are always present in the bulb of celiac patients, what is the prevalence of lesions when isolated to the bulb, and if similar lesions(More)