Raffaella Isola

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The subcellular heterogeneity of mitochondrial membrane potential (mDelta psi) was investigated in confluent and sub-confluent cultures of four cell types (human astrocytes, HEp-2, MDCK and Vero cells) in normal growth conditions, hypoxia and apoptosis. The distribution of high-polarized mitochondria, detected by the potential-sensitive probe JC-1, was(More)
This study reports for the first time (a) the longitudinal profile of the transmembrane potential (mDeltapsi) of single mitochondria using a Nernstian fluorescent probe and (b) the distribution of mDeltapsi fluctuations of mitochondria undergoing permanent depolarization. Our findings show that (1) mitochondria in different energetic conditions coexist in(More)
Depolarization and repolarization phases (D and R phases, respectively) of mitochondrial potential fluctuations induced by photoactivation of the fluorescent probe tetramethylrhodamine methyl ester (TMRM) were analyzed separately and investigated using specific inhibitors and substrates. The frequency of R phases was significantly inhibited by oligomycin(More)
We attempted to determine whether acute treatment with adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) and corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) affects mitochondrial morphology, as evaluated by the HRSEM and osmium maceration methods. We quantified CRH and ACTH effects on HRSEM images in rat glomerulosa and fasciculata. After ACTH or CRH treatment, mitochondrial(More)
Gamma oscillations (30-100 Hz) reflect a fast brain rhythm that provides a fundamental mechanism of complex neuronal information processing in the hippocampus and in the neocortex in vivo. Gamma oscillations have been implicated in higher brain functions, such as sensory perception, motor activity, and memory formation. Experimental studies on synaptic(More)
Mitochondria are the main source of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The aim of this work was to verify the ROS generation in situ in HeLa cells exposed to prooxidants and antioxidants (menadione, tert-butyl hydroperoxide, antimycin A, vitamin E, N-acetyl-l-cysteine, and butylated hydroxytoluene) using the ROS-sensitive probes(More)
In order to study mechanisms involved in liposome-cell interaction, this work attempted to assess the influence of vesicle composition on the delivery of liposomal content to Hela cells. In particular, to evaluate pH-sensitive properties and cell interaction of the prepared liposomes, the lipid formulations contained cholesterol (Chol) and they were varied(More)
Fluorescent probes are currently used to evaluate the mitochondrial transmembrane potential in situ. However, in parallel experiments using the probes JC-1 and TMRM in different cell types (human astrocytes, HEp-2, Vero, KB, and HeLa cells), we found that the distribution of JC-1 and TMRM is highly variable not only in different cell types but also in(More)
Despite the numerous studies performed in an attempt to clarify the issue, the mechanism of action of salivary histatins remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to correlate histatin-induced morphological changes in Candida albicans by fluorescence microscopy (FM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and high resolution scanning electron(More)
The mechanism of the candidacidal activity of histatins 3 and 5 (Hst) is still a matter of debate. Previous studies have indicated that Hst induce cell permeabilization, generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by mitochondria, inhibition of the respiratory chain, and energy-dependent cytotoxic release of ATP. On the other hand, the multiplicity of(More)