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The subcellular heterogeneity of mitochondrial membrane potential (mDelta psi) was investigated in confluent and sub-confluent cultures of four cell types (human astrocytes, HEp-2, MDCK and Vero cells) in normal growth conditions, hypoxia and apoptosis. The distribution of high-polarized mitochondria, detected by the potential-sensitive probe JC-1, was(More)
We attempted to determine whether acute treatment with adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) and corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) affects mitochondrial morphology, as evaluated by the HRSEM and osmium maceration methods. We quantified CRH and ACTH effects on HRSEM images in rat glomerulosa and fasciculata. After ACTH or CRH treatment, mitochondrial(More)
This study reports for the first time (a) the longitudinal profile of the transmembrane potential (mDeltapsi) of single mitochondria using a Nernstian fluorescent probe and (b) the distribution of mDeltapsi fluctuations of mitochondria undergoing permanent depolarization. Our findings show that (1) mitochondria in different energetic conditions coexist in(More)
Mitochondria are the main source of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The aim of this work was to verify the ROS generation in situ in HeLa cells exposed to prooxidants and antioxidants (menadione, tert-butyl hydroperoxide, antimycin A, vitamin E, N-acetyl-L-cysteine, and butylated hydroxytoluene) using the ROS-sensitive probes(More)
In order to study mechanisms involved in liposome-cell interaction, this work attempted to assess the influence of vesicle composition on the delivery of liposomal content to Hela cells. In particular, to evaluate pH-sensitive properties and cell interaction of the prepared liposomes, the lipid formulations contained cholesterol (Chol) and they were varied(More)
Depolarization and repolarization phases (D and R phases, respectively) of mitochondrial potential fluctuations induced by photoactivation of the fluorescent probe tetramethylrhodamine methyl ester (TMRM) were analyzed separately and investigated using specific inhibitors and substrates. The frequency of R phases was significantly inhibited by oligomycin(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Alteration of salivary gland secretion is one of the consequences of diabetes. In a recent study on the submandibular gland of diabetic subjects, we found changed expression of statherin, a salivary protein of fundamental importance in preserving tooth integrity, whose reduction was related with the high incidence of oral diseases(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Salivary statherin, which plays a special role in the defense of tooth integrity, is secreted by both major and minor salivary glands. A significantly reduced expression of this was recently found in human major salivary glands removed from diabetic subjects and was correlated with the high incidence of dental diseases occurring in(More)
BACKGROUND Dataon structural alterations in human diabetic salivary glands are scanty and conflicting. The goal of this study is based on the evaluation of the morphological changes in submandibular glands of subjects with well-controlled diabetes and without evident salivary malfunctions. METHODS Submandibular gland pieces from diabetic and non-diabetic(More)
Fluorescent probes are currently used to evaluate the mitochondrial transmembrane potential in situ. However, in parallel experiments using the probes JC-1 and TMRM in different cell types (human astrocytes, HEp-2, Vero, KB, and HeLa cells), we found that the distribution of JC-1 and TMRM is highly variable not only in different cell types but also in(More)