Learn More
Natural and synthetic glucocorticoids (GCs) are widely employed in a number of inflammatory, autoimmune and neoplastic diseases, and, despite the introduction of novel therapies, remain the first-line treatment for inducing remission in moderate to severe active Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Despite their extensive therapeutic use and the proven(More)
Human DDX3 (hDDX3) is a DEAD-box protein shown to possess RNA-unwinding and adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) activities. The hDDX3 protein has been implicated in nuclear mRNA export, cell growth control, and cancer progression. In addition, a role of this protein in the replication of human immunodeficiency virus Type 1 and in the pathogenesis of hepatitis(More)
Treatment-related toxicity can be life-threatening and is the primary cause of interruption or discontinuation of chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), leading to an increased risk of relapse. Mercaptopurine is an essential component of continuation therapy in all ALL treatment protocols worldwide. Genetic polymorphisms in thiopurine(More)
Multilocus genotypes have been shown to be of relevance for using pharmacogenomic principles to individualize drug therapy. As it relates to thiopurine therapy, genetic polymorphisms of TPMT are strongly associated with the pharmacokinetics and clinical effects of thiopurines (mercaptopurine and azathioprine), influencing their toxicity and efficacy. We(More)
Azathioprine is a purine antimetabolite drug commonly used to treat inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In vivo it is active after reaction with reduced glutathione (GSH) and conversion to mercaptopurine. Although this reaction may occur spontaneously, the presence of isoforms M and A of the enzyme glutathione-S-transferase (GST) may increase its speed.(More)
The APOBEC (acronym for apolipoprotein B editing catalytic polypeptide) family of cytidine deaminases are widely distributed in the biological world and play a central role in diverse enzymatic pathways. Members of this family (APOBEC3G and APOBEC3F) have been recently shown to be able to restrict HIV-1 replication in physiologically relevant target cells(More)
Pediatric inflammatory and autoimmune diseases are a wide array of systemic or organ-specific conditions, characterized by an exaggerated immune reactivity, which generally occurs in immunogenetically predisposed children. Among the most important ones, in terms of their diffusion and morbidity in the population worldwide, pediatric inflammatory bowel(More)
AIM In the AIEOP-BFM 2000 trial, 15% of pediatric patients treated according to risk-adapted polychemotherapeutic regimens relapsed. The present study aimed to investigate the influence of GST-M1 and GST-T1 deletions on clinical outcome of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated according to the AIEOP-BFM ALL 2000 study protocol. MATERIALS &(More)
AIM In the AIEOP-BFM ALL (Associazione Italiana Ematologia Oncologia Pediatrica-Berlin Frankfurt Münster acute lymphoblastic leukemia) 2000 protocol, 70% of relapsed patients had favorable prognostic features and fell within less intensive polychemotherapeutic regimens, suggesting the need for better assessing lower risk stratification. MATERIALS &(More)
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is an established therapeutic procedure for several congenital and acquired disorders, both malignant and nonmalignant. Despite the great improvements in HSCT clinical practices over the last few decades, complications, such as graft vs. host disease (GVHD) and sinusoidal obstructive syndrome (SOS), are still(More)