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The inhibition of the telomere-binding protein TRF2, by expressing the dominant negative form TRF2(DeltaBDeltaC), has been used as a model of anti-telomere strategy to induce a reversion of the malignant phenotype of M14 and JR5 human melanoma lines. Over-expression of TRF2(DeltaBDeltaC) induced apoptosis and reduced tumourigenicity exclusively in JR5(More)
This study had two goals: 1) to evaluate the biological effect of the novel pentacyclic acridine 3,11-difluoro-6,8,13-trimethyl-8H-quino[4,3,2-kl]acridinium methosulfate (RHPS4) on human melanoma lines possessing long telomeres, and 2) to elucidate the relationship between G-quadruplex-based telomerase inhibitor-induced cellular effects and telomere(More)
Reduced male fertility can be caused by genetic factors affecting gamete formation or function; in particular, chromosome abnormalities are a possible cause of male subfertility as shown by their higher frequency in infertile men than in the general male population. Meiotic studies in a number of these males have shown spermatogenesis breakdown, often(More)
The TCL1 oncogene on human chromosome 14q32.1 is involved in chromosome translocations [t(14;14)(q11;q32.1) and t(7;14)(q35;q32.1)] and inversions [inv14(q11;q32.1)] with TCR alpha/beta loci in T-cell leukemias, such as T-prolymphocytic (T-PLL). It is also involved in T-acute and -chronic leukemias arising in cases of ataxia-telangiectasia (AT), an(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of telomerase function on the chemosensitivity of melanoma cells. To this end, ecteinascidin-743 (ET-743) and cisplatin [cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (CDDP)], two DNA-interacting drugs that invariably cause an arrest in the G(2)/M phase, and 1-(2,4-dichlorobenzyl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxylic acid (LND), a(More)
The clinical diagnosis of ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) is difficult before the age of 4 years. We report clinical and cytogenetic data on three early-onset, early-diagnosed AT patients at the age of 12, 18 and 22 months, respectively. Postural instability of the trunk, characterized by motor impersistence, was the earliest neurological sign detected as early(More)
We identified a subgroup of ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) patients (2 sibs and 1 unrelated case) characterized by typical clinical manifestations of the disease and cellular radiosensitivity intermediate between classical AT and normal subjects. Our data and a literature review of the intermediate radiosensitivity AT cases show that radioresistant DNA(More)
DNA topoisomerase II is involved in DNA topologic changes through the formation of a cleavable complex. This is stabilized by the antitumor drug VP16, which results in DNA breakage, aberrant recombination, and cell death. In this work, we compare the chromosomal damage induced by VP16 with that induced by bleomycin (BLM) in lymphoblasts from patients(More)
Individuals affected by ataxia telangiectasia (AT) have a marked susceptibility to cancer. Ataxia telangiectasia cells, in addition to defects in cell cycle checkpoints, show dysfunction of apoptosis and of telomeres, which are both thought to have a role in the progression of malignancy. In 1-5% of patients with AT, clonal expansion of T lymphocytes(More)