Raffaella Casadei

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BACKGROUND All living organisms are made of individual and identifiable cells, whose number, together with their size and type, ultimately defines the structure and functions of an organism. While the total cell number of lower organisms is often known, it has not yet been defined in higher organisms. In particular, the reported total cell number of a human(More)
Members of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family and their receptors (BMPRs and activin receptors-ActRs) promote the development of bones with a fine regulation of their expression. Mutations in BMPs or BMPRs cause several diseases, as shown in knockout mice, such as skeletal defects, familial primary pulmonary hypertension and neoplasias.(More)
Housekeeping (HK) genes are constitutively expressed in order to maintain cellular function. They produce the minimal essential transcripts necessary for normal cellular physiology. Wide range expression, stable expression level and high expression level are independent features of a single gene expression and are all desirable for the definition of an(More)
Human RCAN3 (regulator of calcineurin 3) belongs to the human RCAN gene family.In this study we provide, with in silico and in vitro analyses, the first detailed description of the human multi-transcript RCAN3 locus. Its analysis revealed that it is composed of a multigene system that includes at least 21 RCAN3 alternative spliced isoforms (16 of them(More)
Down Syndrome (DS) is caused by the presence of three copies of the whole human chromosome 21 (HC21) or of a HC21 restricted region; the phenotype is likely to have originated from the altered expression of genes in the HC21. We apply the cDNA microarray method to the study of gene expression in human T lymphocytes with trisomy 21 in comparison to normal(More)
Few cases of large-scale segmental paralogy have been reported in the human genome. We have identified a large (approximately 500 kb) segment on human chromosome (HC) 21 (21q22) that is triplicated on HC 1 (1p35) and HC 6 (6p12-21). We also identified a new member of CLIC (Chloride Intracellular Channel) family on 21q, namely CLIC6. All three segments(More)
The amino acid sequence of gene products is routinely deduced from the nucleotide sequence of the relative cloned cDNA, according to the rules for recognition of start codon (first-AUG rule, optimal sequence context) and the genetic code. From this prediction stem most subsequent types of product analysis, although all standard methods for cDNA cloning are(More)
Human RCAN3 (Regulator of calcineurin 3; previously known as DSCR1L2, Down syndrome critical region gene 1-like 2) is a five-exon gene mapped on chromosome 1 and belongs to the human RCAN gene family which also includes RCAN1 and RCAN2. The novel denomination RCAN for genes and proteins, instead of DSCR1L (Down syndrome critical region gene 1-like) has(More)
A novel human gene has been identified by in-depth bioinformatics analysis of chromosome 21 segment 40/105 (21q21.1), with no coding region predicted in any previous analysis. Brain-derived DNA complementary to RNA (cDNA) sequencing predicts a 154-amino acid product with no similarity to any known protein. The gene has been named cysteine and tyrosine-rich(More)
CYYR1 is a recently identified gene located on human chromosome 21 whose product has no similarity to any known protein and is of unknown function. Analysis of expressed sequence tags (ESTs) have revealed high human CYYR1 expression in cells belonging to the diffuse neuroendocrine system (DNES). These cells may be the origin of neuroendocrine (NE) tumors.(More)