Raffaella Carloni

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Variable Impedance Actuators (VIA) have received increasing attention in recent years as many novel applications involving interactions with an unknown and dynamic environment including humans require actuators with dynamics that are not well-achieved by classical stiff actuators. This paper presents an overview of the different VIAs developed and proposes(More)
This paper presents the main vision and research activities of the ongoing European project AIRobots (Innovative Aerial Service Robot for Remote Inspection by Contact, www.airobots.eu). The goal of AIRobots is to develop a new generation of aerial service robots capable of supporting human beings in all those activities that require the ability to interact(More)
The bipedal spring-mass model embodies important characteristics of human walking, and therefore serves as an important starting point in studying human-like walking for robots. In this paper, we propose to extend the bipedal spring-mass model with variable leg stiffness and exploit the potential of this model in order to mimic the human capability to(More)
In this paper, we present haptic teleoperation of underactuated unmanned aerial vehicles by providing a multidimensional generalization of the virtual slave concept. The proposed control architecture is composed of high-level and low-level controllers. The high-level controller commands the vehicle to accomplish specific tasks and renders both the state and(More)
In this paper, we present the mechanical design and modeling of a manipulation system for unmanned aerial vehicles, which have to physically interact with environments and perform ultrasonic non-destructive testing experiments and other versatile tasks at unreachable locations for humans. The innovation of the prototype lies in the use of a three degrees of(More)
In this paper, we provide a port-based mathematical framework for analyzing and modeling variable stiffness actuators. The framework provides important insights in the energy requirements and, therefore, it is an important tool for the design of energy efficient variable stiffness actuators. Based on new insights gained from this approach, a novel(More)
In this paper, the vsaUT-II, a novel rotational variable stiffness actuator, is presented. As the other designs in this class of actuation systems, the vsaUT-II is characterized by the property that the output stiffness can be changed independently of the output position. It consists of two internal elastic elements and two internal actuated degrees of(More)
In this paper, we present the mechanical design of the mVSA-UT, a miniaturized variable stiffness actuator. The apparent output stiffness of this innovative actuation system can be changed independently of the output position by varying the transmission ratio between the internal mechanical springs and the actuator output. The output stiffness can be tuned(More)
In this paper, a metric for comparing different designs of variable stiffness actuators is introduced. For the formulation of this metric, we focus on the energy efficiency of the actuators. In particular, we propose a metric that is a measure of how much energy is used by the actuator for changing the output stiffness. In order to facilitate the analysis(More)
Variable stiffness actuators realize a novel class of actuators, which are capable of changing the apparent output stiffness independently of the output position. This is mechanically achieved by the internal introduction of a number of elastic elements and a number of actuated degrees of freedom (DOFs), which determine how the elastic elements are sensed(More)