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Members of the Ras subfamily of small guanine-nucleotide-binding proteins are essential for controlling normal and malignant cell proliferation as well as cell differentiation. The neuronal-specific guanine-nucleotide-exchange factor, Ras-GRF/CDC25Mm, induces Ras signalling in response to Ca2+ influx and activation of G-protein-coupled receptors in vitro,(More)
The trkC gene is expressed throughout the mammalian nervous system and encodes a series of tyrosine protein kinase isoforms that serve as receptors for neurotrophin-3 (NT3), a member of the nerve growth factor (NGF) family of neurotrophic factors. One of these isoforms, gp145trkC/TrkC K1, mediates the trophic properties of NT3 in cultured cells. Here we(More)
The Eph receptors are the largest known family of receptor tyrosine kinases and are notable for distinctive expression patterns in the nervous system and in early vertebrate development. However, all were identified as orphan receptors, and only recently have there been descriptions of a corresponding family of ligands. We describe here a new member of the(More)
The Eph family of receptor protein-tyrosine kinases (RTKs) have recently been implicated in patterning and wiring events in the developing nervous system. Eph receptors are unique among other RTKs in that they fall into two large subclasses that show distinct ligand specificities and for the fact that they themselves might function as 'ligands', thereby(More)
Genetic and pharmacological experiments have recently implicated several protein kinase cascades in LTP and memory formation. The small GTPases of the Ras subfamily are activated by multiple extracellular stimuli and, via a complex array of downstream effectors, they control a variety of cellular events that culminate in gene transcription. In the(More)
Ras-related guanosine triphosphatases (GTPases) couple receptor activity to a number of intracellular signalling events culminating in the control of cell morphology and gene transcription. In culture cells, the best-understood Ras-dependent signalling pathway involves the mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular-regulated kinase (MAPK/ERK) cascade. A(More)
The Eph family of receptor tyrosine kinases and their cell surface bound ligands have been implicated in a number of developmental processes, including axon pathfinding and fasciculation, as well as patterning in the central nervous system. To better understand the complex signaling events taking place, we have undertaken a comparative analysis of(More)
The ephrins are a family of ligands that bind to Eph family receptor tyrosine kinases, and have been implicated in axon guidance and other patterning processes during vertebrate development. We describe here the identification and characterization of murine ephrin-B3. The cDNA encodes a 340 amino acid transmembrane molecule, most closely related to the two(More)