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Polarized Th1 and Th2 cells differentially express adhesion molecules and chemokine receptors, endowing these cells with distinct tissue homing capabilities. Here we report that, in contrast to other chemokine receptors, the expression of CCR4 and CCR8 on Th2 cells is transiently increased following TCR and CD28 engagement. IL-4 is not required for this(More)
Macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC)/CCL22 is a CC chemokine active on dendritic cells (DC), NK cells and Th2 lymphocytes. The present study was aimed at comprehensively investigating MDC production in vitro and in vivo. DC were the most potent producers of MDC among leukocytes tested. Endothelial cells did not produce MDC under a variety of conditions.(More)
Chemokines are a key component of cancer-related inflammation. Chemokines and chemokine receptors are downstream of genetic events that cause neoplastic transformation and are components of chronic inflammatory conditions, which predispose to cancer. Components of the chemokine system affect in a cell autonomous or non-autonomous way multiple pathways of(More)
T helper cells type 1 (Th1s) that produce interferon-gamma predominantly mediate cellular immune responses and are involved in the development of chronic inflammatory conditions, whereas Th2s which produce large amounts of IL-4 and IL-5 upregulate IgE production and are prominent in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases. The precise factors determining(More)
Upon exposure to immune or inflammatory stimuli, dendritic cells (DC) migrate from peripheral tissues to lymphoid organs, where they present Ag. CC chemokines induce chemotactic and transendothelial migration of immature DC, in vitro. Maturation of DC by CD40L, or by LPS, IL-1, and TNF, induces down-regulation of the two main CC chemokine receptors(More)
A set of chemokine receptors are structurally unable to elicit migration or conventional signalling responses after ligand engagement. These 'silent' (non-signalling) chemokine receptors regulate inflammatory and immune reactions in different ways, including by acting as decoys and scavengers. Chemokine decoy receptors recognize distinct and complementary(More)
IL-8 and related Glu-Leu-Arg (ELR+) CXC chemokines are potent chemoattractants for neutrophils but not for monocytes. IL-13 and IL-4 strongly increased CXCR1 and CXCR2 chemokine receptor expression in human monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells. The effect was receptor- and cell type-selective, in that CCRs were not increased and no augmentation was(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Inflammatory CC chemokines have long been associated with cancer, but unequivocal evidence of a role in clinically relevant models of carcinogenesis is lacking. D6, a promiscuous decoy receptor that scavenges inflammatory CC chemokines, plays a non-redundant role in reducing the inflammatory response in various organs. As inflammation is(More)
Seven transmembrane receptors mediate diverse physiological responses including hormone action, olfaction, neurotransmission, and chemotaxis. Human D6 is a non-signaling seven-transmembrane receptor expressed on lymphatic endothelium interacting with most inflammatory CC-chemokines resulting in their rapid internalization. Here, we demonstrate that this(More)
The promiscuous D6 receptor binds several inflammatory CC chemokines and has been recently proposed to act as a chemokine-scavenging decoy receptor. The present study was designed to better characterize the spectrum of CC chemokines scavenged by D6, focusing in particular on CCR4 ligands and analyzing the influence of NH(2)-terminal processing on(More)