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Heritable changes to the transcriptome that are independent to changes in the genome are defined as epigenetics. DNA methylation and posttranslational modifications of histones, such as acetylation/deacetylation and methylation/demethylation of lysine residues, underlie these epigenetic phenomena, which impact on many physiological processes. This(More)
Phosphoprotein enriched in diabetes/phosphoprotein enriched in astrocytes (PED/PEA-15) is overexpressed in several tissues of individuals affected by type 2 diabetes. In intact cells and in transgenic animal models, PED/PEA-15 overexpression impairs insulin regulation of glucose transport, and this is mediated by its interaction with the C-terminal D4(More)
Although chronic hyperglycemia reduces insulin sensitivity and leads to impaired glucose utilization, short term exposure to high glucose causes cellular responses positively regulating its own metabolism. We show that exposure of L6 myotubes overexpressing human insulin receptors to 25 mm glucose for 5 min decreased the intracellular levels of(More)
Obesity and diabetes represent key healthcare challenges of our day, affecting upwards of one billion people worldwide. These individuals are at higher risk for cancer, stroke, blindness, heart and cardiovascular disease, and to date, have no effective long-term treatment options available. Recent and accumulating evidence has implicated the developmental(More)
Phosphoprotein enriched in diabetes/phosphoprotein enriched in astrocytes (PED/PEA)-15 is an anti-apoptotic protein whose expression is increased in several cancer cells and following experimental skin carcinogenesis. Exposure of untransfected C5N keratinocytes and transfected HEK293 cells to phorbol esters (12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA))(More)
Diabetes, obesity, and cancer affect upward of 15% of the world's population. Interestingly, all three diseases juxtapose dysregulated intracellular signaling with altered metabolic state. Exactly which genetic factors define stable metabolic set points in vivo remains poorly understood. Here, we show that hedgehog signaling rewires cellular metabolism. We(More)
OBJECTIVE T cells and level of the cytokine interferon-γ (IFN-γ) are increased in adipose tissue in obesity. Hedgehog (Hh) signaling has been shown to potently inhibit white adipocyte differentiation. In light of recent findings in neurons that IFN-γ and Hh signaling cross-talk, we examined their potential interaction in the context of adipogenesis. (More)
Overexpression of the ped/pea-15 gene in mice impairs glucose tolerance and leads to diabetes in conjunction with high fat diet treatment. PED/PEA-15 is also overexpressed in type 2 diabetics as well as in euglycemic offspring from these subjects. The cause(s) of this abnormality remains unclear. In the present work we have cloned and localized the promoter(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Overexpression of PED (also known as PEA15) determines insulin resistance and impaired insulin secretion and may contribute to progression toward type 2 diabetes. Recently, we found that the transcription factor hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)-4alpha binds to PED promoter and represses its transcription. However, the molecular details(More)
More than one-half billion people are obese, and despite progress in genetic research, much of the heritability of obesity remains enigmatic. Here, we identify a Trim28-dependent network capable of triggering obesity in a non-Mendelian, "on/off" manner. Trim28(+/D9) mutant mice exhibit a bi-modal body-weight distribution, with isogenic animals randomly(More)