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AIMS To assess the ability of Listeria monocytogenes to form biofilm on different food-contact surfaces with regard to different temperatures, cellular hydrophobicity and motility. METHODS AND RESULTS Forty-four L. monocytogenes strains from food and food environment were tested for biofilm formation by crystal violet staining. Biofilm levels were(More)
A high prevalence of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans (Aa) in subgingival plaque in patients for orthodontia already has been observed. The present study had the following aims: 1) to ascertain a direct relationship between the orthodontic appliance placement and the subgingival colonization by Aa, and 2) to determine whether the Aa growth specifically(More)
BACKGROUND The use of locally delivered antibacterials containing chlorhexidine (CHX) was proposed to improve the effectiveness of non-surgical periodontal treatment. The present multicenter randomized study investigated the effects of a xanthan-based chlorhexidine (Xan-CHX) gel used as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the treatment of(More)
Aim of this study was to evaluate whether tonsils might be a potential reservoir for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. A total of 72 consecutive dyspeptic patients undergoing endoscopy for the first time were studied. For each patient, a bilateral tonsillar swab was performed, before endoscopy, for microbiological culture and immunochemical(More)
We describe the first known case of vertebral osteomyelitis and discitis caused by Blastoschizomyces capitatus in a leukemic patient and the results of therapy. We also reconfirm the microbiological characteristics which differentiate this species from other yeastlike pathogens.
The influence of environmental factors (temperature, aerobiosis-anaerobiosis, static-dynamic conditions, pH) was determined on biofilm formation by 51 S. maltophilia clinical isolates. The strains produced more biofilm at 32 degrees C than at 37 or 18 degrees C. Aerobic and 6% CO2 atmosphere yielded comparable biofilm amounts, higher than under anaerobic(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the Pumped Diodium-Nd:YAG laser in sterilizing contaminated root canals. After hand instrumentation, 30 teeth were inoculated with Actinomyces naeslundii CH-12 and 30 teeth with Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853 and incubated for 24 h. The teeth were divided into three subgroups: subgroup A received no(More)
We investigated the in vitro effects of seven fluoroquinolones (ciprofloxacin, grepafloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, norfloxacin, ofloxacin, and rufloxacin), compared to those of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (SXT) and ceftazidime on total biomass and cell viability of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia biofilm. S. maltophilia attached rapidly to(More)
Trichosporon asahii is the most common cause of fatal disseminated trichosporonosis, frequently associated with indwelling medical devices. Despite the use of antifungal drugs to treat trichosporonosis, infection is often persistent and is associated with high mortality. This drove our interest in evaluating the capability of T. asahii to form a biofilm on(More)