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BACKGROUND Spinocerebellar ataxia type 17 is an autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia caused by a CAG repeat expansion in the TATA box-binding protein gene. Ataxia is typically the first sign whereas behavioral symptoms occur later. OBJECTIVE To characterize the unusual phenotypic expression of a large spinocerebellar ataxia type 17 kindred. DESIGN(More)
Vascular risk factors have been implicated in the pathogenesis of vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease. The identification of a novel vascular disease susceptibility locus at 9p21.3 has recently generated great interest. In the present study, we sought to determine whether a common genetic variant (tagged by rs1333049, G/C) in the 9p21.3 locus-that has(More)
Sir, A recent study by Bannwarth et al. (2014) implicated CHCHD10 as a novel gene for amyotrophic lateral scler-osis/frontotemporal lobar degeneration (ALS/FTLD), reporting a p.S59L substitution (c.176C 4 T; NM_213720.2) in a large French kindred. Affected family members were presented with a complex phenotype that included symptoms of amyotrophic lateral(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the allele frequency of C9orf72 (G4C2) repeats in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), Alzheimer disease (AD), and Parkinson disease (PD). DESIGN The number of repeats was estimated by a 2-step genotyping strategy. For expansion carriers, we sequenced the repeat flanking regions and obtained(More)
BACKGROUND Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is a complex disorder characterised by a broad range of clinical manifestations, differential pathological signatures, and genetic variability. Mutations in three genes-MAPT, GRN, and C9orf72--have been associated with FTD. We sought to identify novel genetic risk loci associated with the disorder. METHODS We did a(More)
Allele epsilon4 of the nuclear APOE gene is a leading genetic risk factor for sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD). Moreover, an allele-specific effect of APOE isoforms on neuronal cell oxidative death is known. Because of the role of the mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) in oxidative phosphorylation and oxidative stress, an interaction between APOE polymorphism(More)
OBJECTIVE Large kindreds segregating familial Alzheimer disease (FAD) offer the opportunity of studying clinical variability as observed for presenilin 1 (PSEN1) mutations. Two early-onset FAD (EOFAD) Calabrian families with PSEN1 Met146Leu (ATG/CTG) mutation constitute a unique population descending from a remote common ancestor. Recently, several other(More)
BACKGROUND The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is a cell surface receptor that has been implicated in vascular disease and neurodegeneration. Low levels of its secreted isoform, soluble RAGE (sRAGE), have been regarded as a putative risk factor for atherosclerosis. In addition, administration of sRAGE has been shown to reduce development(More)
BACKGROUND Studies on heteroplasmy occurring in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region (CR) in leukocytes of centenarians and younger subjects have shown that the C150T somatic transition is over-represented in centenarians. However, whether the occurrence/accumulation of heteroplasmy is a phenotypic consequence of extreme ageing or a genetically(More)
The genes coding for apolipoprotein A1 (APOA1), apolipoprotein C3 (APOC3) and apolipoprotein A4 (APOA4) are tandemly organised within a short region on chromosome 11q23-q24. Polymorphisms of these genes have been extensively investigated in lipoprotein disorders and cardiovascular diseases, but poorly investigated in healthy ageing. The aim of this study(More)