Raffaele Giorgetti

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BACKGROUND The main importance in age estimation lies in the assessment of criminal liability and protection of unaccompanied minor immigrants, when their age is unknown. Under Italian law, persons are not criminally responsible before they reach the age of 14. The age of 18 is important when deciding whether juvenile or adult law must be applied. In the(More)
While noting that there is no international scientific or legislative uniformity in blood alcohol concentration (BAC) levels admissible for driving motor vehicles, the authors analyse problems concerning the effects of low levels of ethyl alcohol on driving ability. A summary of the international literature on this subject reveals: the existence of(More)
A gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric (GC-MS) method for the determination of therapeutic levels of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) in plasma and urine samples is described. GHB is converted to its lactonic form gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) which is extracted from biological fluids after the addition of the internal standard delta-valerolactone. Final GC-MS(More)
Ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic. The misuse of ketamine as a recreational drug has increased over the last decade, especially in rave parties or clubs. Short-term ketamine pilot protocols have been undertaken for treatment-resistant depressive clients. In this study, we review and comment on the evidence relating to the potential of ketamine as a(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the possible effects of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) on human psychomotor performance and subjective feelings important for the safety of skilled performance. METHODS Twelve healthy volunteers, six males and six females, aged 22-36 years, participated as subjects. Drugs and placebo were administered according to a(More)
An HPLC-UV method for the simultaneous identification of amphetamine, methamphetamine, 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) in urine is described. It includes a rapid extraction procedure of the 4 analogs from urine using Extrelut 3 columns, derivatization with sodium 1,2-naphthoquinone-4-sulphonate (NQS) to(More)
The 3Ks (kava, kratom and khat) are herbals that can potentially induce liver injuries. On the one hand, growing controversial data have been reported about the hepatotoxicity of kratom, while, on the other hand, even though kava and khat hepatotoxicity has been investigated, the hepatotoxic effects are still not clear. Chronic recreational use of kratom(More)
The aim of this work is to verify the presence of objectively observable morphological alterations caused by the direct action of opiates on brain structures controlling respiration in cases of drug-related deaths. A computer-assisted morphometric study was carried out on the Dorsal Motor Nucleus of the Vagus Nerve (DMNV) in seven subjects (four of whom(More)
A sample of 103 Italians was tested for HLA-DQA1 polymorphism using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and dot blot hybridization. Results were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The power of discrimination was 0.91 and the rate of exclusion 56.7. The frequencies of the DQA1*0201 and DQA1*0301 alleles were found to be significantly different from other(More)