Raffaele G. Gratton

Learn More
The accurate O, Mg and Fe abundances derived in previous papers of this series from a homogeneous reanalysis of high quality data for a large sample of stars are combined with stellar kinematics in order to discuss the history of star formation in the solar neighborhood. We found that the Fe/O and Fe/Mg abundance ratios are roughly constant in the (inner)(More)
We are studying the Na-O anticorrelation in several globular clusters of different Horizontal Branch (HB) morphology in order to derive a possible relation between (primordial) chemical inhomogeneities and morphological parameters of the cluster population. We used the multifiber spectrograph FLAMES on the ESO Very Large Telescope UT2 and derived(More)
In this series of two papers we present a high dispersion spectroscopic analysis of 8 candidate extremely metal poor stars selected from the Hamburg/ESO Survey and of 6 additional very metal poor stars. We demonstrate that with suitable vetting using moderate-resolution spectra the yield of this survey for stars with [Fe/H] ≤ −3.0 dex is very high; three(More)
Received ; accepted – 2 – ABSTRACT We present an analysis of high dispersion spectra (R ∼ 40, 000) of three red clump stars in the old open cluster NGC 6819. The spectra were obtained with SARG, the high dispersion spectrograph of the Telescopio Nazionale Galileo. The spectra were analyzed using both equivalent widths measured with an automatic procedure,(More)
We review the results on distances and absolute ages of galactic globular clusters (GCs) obtained after the release of the Hipparcos catalogue. Several methods aimed at the definition of the Population II local distance scale are discussed, and their results compared. We notice that while some methods yield distances to the center of the LMC (identified(More)
We present homogeneous abundance determinations for iron and some of the elements involved in the proton-capture reactions (O, Na, Mg, Al, and Si) for 202 red giants in 17 Galactic globular clusters (GCs) from the analysis of high-resolution UVES spectra obtained with the FLAMES facility at the ESO VLT2 telescope. Our programme clusters span almost the(More)
Aims. Our aim is to determine Li abundances in TO stars of the Globular Cluster 47 Tuc and test theories about Li variations among TO stars. Methods. We make use of high resolution (R∼ 43000), high signal-to-noise ratio (S/N=50–70) spectra of 4 turn off (TO) stars obtained with the UVES spectrograph at the 8.2m VLT Kueyen telescope. Results. The four stars(More)
We present metallicity measurements based on GIRAFFE@VLT spectra of 80 subgiant-branch stars of the Galactic globular cluster ω Centauri. The VLT spectroscopic data are complemented by color-magnitude diagrams from high-accuracy photometry on a ∼ 10 × 10 arcmin 2 mosaic of ACS/HST images centered on the cluster center, and on multicolor images of a ∼ 34 ×(More)
Having shown in a recent paper that the main sequence of ω Centauri is split into two distinct branches, we now present spectroscopic results showing that the bluer sequence is less metal-poor. We have carefully combined GIRAFFE@VLT spectra of 17 stars on each side of the split into a single spectrum for each branch, with adequate S/N to show clearly that(More)