Raffaele D'Ippolito

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BACKGROUND There is increasing evidence to support a role for total mast cells (MC(TOT)) in the vascular component of airway remodeling in asthma. On the contrary, up to now, no study has addressed the role of chymase-positive mast cells (MC(TC)) in microvasculature changes. OBJECTIVE We sought to assess the role of MC(TC) in the vascular component of(More)
BACKGROUND There is increasing in vitro evidence to support a role for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a major regulator of angiogenesis, as a mediator of fibrosis associated with neovascularization. OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that VEGF is involved both in increased airway mucosal vascularity and in the subepithelial fibrosis of(More)
We conducted a randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study to assess the effect of 6 weeks treatment with low-dose (100 microg twice a day) or high-dose (500 microg twice a day) inhaled fluticasone propionate (FP) on the vascular component of airway remodeling in 30 patients with mild to moderate asthma. We also studied the effect on the inflammatory(More)
OBJECTIVES We attempted to determine whether inflammation is present in induced sputum of patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis (AR) as compared with those with perennial asthma (AS) and examined its relationship with bronchial responsiveness to methacholine. METHODS Sputum was induced in 30 patients with seasonal rhinitis in response to grass pollens(More)
OBJECTIVES PTPN22 is involved in T-cell activation and its R620W single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) has been shown to predispose to different autoimmune diseases. The aims of this study were to investigate the role of the PTPN22 R620W SNP in conferring susceptibility to the ANCA-associated vasculitides (AAVs), and to explore potential associations between(More)
Induced sputum by inhalation of hypertonic saline solution is a noninvasive technique used to collect cellular and soluble material from lung airways. During the past decade, this method has been widely used to assess airway inflammation in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, since it produces reliable results and compares favorably to other(More)
BACKGROUND Sputum production induced by inhalation of hypertonic saline solution has been proposed as a technique to collect secretions and inflammatory cells from the airways of subjects with bronchial asthma or with a history of smoking. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a sputum induction procedure on spirometric results and arterial(More)
Systems y+ and y+L represent the main routes for arginine transport in mammalian cells. While system y+ activity is needed for the stimulated NO production in rodent alveolar macrophages (AM), no information is yet available about arginine transport in human AM. We study here arginine influx and genes for arginine transporters in AM from bronchoalveolar(More)
OBJECTIVES Sarcoidosis is characterized by a diffuse alveolar inflammatory process, although bronchial airways are often involved. This study compares the cellular profiles of induced sputum (IS), bronchial washing (BW), and BAL in newly diagnosed sarcoidosis patients to those in control subjects, and examines whether inflammatory cell counts from IS are(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK In patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD), the six-minute walk test (6MWT) has been rarely used, and up till now, the relationship between outcome measures of the test and baseline lung function has not yet been examined. Therefore, we assessed walk distance, oxygen desaturation, and breathlessness perception during(More)