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OBJECTIVES We attempted to determine whether inflammation is present in induced sputum of patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis (AR) as compared with those with perennial asthma (AS) and examined its relationship with bronchial responsiveness to methacholine. METHODS Sputum was induced in 30 patients with seasonal rhinitis in response to grass pollens(More)
Induced sputum by inhalation of hypertonic saline solution is a noninvasive technique used to collect cellular and soluble material from lung airways. During the past decade, this method has been widely used to assess airway inflammation in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, since it produces reliable results and compares favorably to other(More)
BACKGROUND There is increasing in vitro evidence to support a role for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a major regulator of angiogenesis, as a mediator of fibrosis associated with neovascularization. OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that VEGF is involved both in increased airway mucosal vascularity and in the subepithelial fibrosis of(More)
We conducted a randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study to assess the effect of 6 weeks treatment with low-dose (100 microg twice a day) or high-dose (500 microg twice a day) inhaled fluticasone propionate (FP) on the vascular component of airway remodeling in 30 patients with mild to moderate asthma. We also studied the effect on the inflammatory(More)
BACKGROUND Inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) are an effective treatment of asthma even when administered at a low dose. Once asthma is controlled, current guidelines recommend that the dose of ICS be reduced to the lowest possible and effective dose. Although the most appropriate strategy for the stepping down has not yet been defined, quantification of sputum(More)
BACKGROUND Foreign body (FB) inhalation is a potentially life-threatening emergency also in clinically stable patients as the situation could worsen at any moment. There is varying opinion regarding the urgency for removal of inhaled FBs, and there are no guidelines in the literature. The aim of our study was to present our experience with FB aspiration in(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK In patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD), the six-minute walk test (6MWT) has been rarely used, and up till now, the relationship between outcome measures of the test and baseline lung function has not yet been examined. Therefore, we assessed walk distance, oxygen desaturation, and breathlessness perception during(More)
OBJECTIVES PTPN22 is involved in T-cell activation and its R620W single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) has been shown to predispose to different autoimmune diseases. The aims of this study were to investigate the role of the PTPN22 R620W SNP in conferring susceptibility to the ANCA-associated vasculitides (AAVs), and to explore potential associations between(More)
Systems y+ and y+L represent the main routes for arginine transport in mammalian cells. While system y+ activity is needed for the stimulated NO production in rodent alveolar macrophages (AM), no information is yet available about arginine transport in human AM. We study here arginine influx and genes for arginine transporters in AM from bronchoalveolar(More)
BACKGROUND Lymphocyte function associate-1 (LFA-1), macrophage antigen-1 (Mac-1), and very late activation antigen-4 (VLA-4) are involved in the infiltration of leukocytes into the tissues. Experimental models of allergic inflammation suggest that VLA-4 could determine the selective recruitment of eosinophils into the inflamed airways. OBJECTIVE Our(More)