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The number of cancer patients in Europe is rising and significant advances in basic and applied cancer research are making the provision of optimal care more challenging. The concept of cancer as a systemic, highly heterogeneous and complex disease has increased the awareness that quality cancer care should be provided by a multidisciplinary team (MDT) of(More)
The incidence of melanoma is increasing worldwide. Advances in targeted agents and immunotherapy have improved outcomes in metastatic disease, but biomarkers are required to optimize treatment. We determined the prevalence of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and explored their utility as prognostic and pharmacodynamic biomarkers. A total of 101 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Poly adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-ribose polymerase (PARP) is essential in cellular processing of DNA damage via the base excision repair pathway (BER). The PARP inhibition can be directly cytotoxic to tumour cells and augments the anti-tumour effects of DNA-damaging agents. This study evaluated the optimally tolerated dose of olaparib(More)
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) represents approximately 13% of all lung cancer diagnoses and the incidence has reduced over the last 20 years. Treatment of SCLC remains challenging because of its rapid growth, early dissemination and development of drug resistance during the course of the disease. Chemotherapy remains the cornerstone of treatment for limited(More)
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a heterogeneous disease, caused by the presence of different clinically relevant molecular subtypes. Genetic mutations are emerging as potential biomarkers of response and treatment selection in patients with NSCLC. Over the past few years, activating mutations of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) have been(More)
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive form of lung cancer that is characterized by a rapid doubling time, early onset of dissemination and high sensitivity to chemotherapy. Despite the potential for cure in patients with limited disease with concurrent chemoradiation and an initial good response to chemotherapy in extensive disease, there is a high(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) represent the standard of care for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients whose tumor harbors an activating EGFR mutation. The vast majority of patients will experience disease control with an EGFR-TKI but inevitably all patients will progress, often within a year of(More)
During the last decade, thoracic oncology has witnessed an unprecedented outburst of knowledge regarding molecular biology of non small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The implementation of high-throughput sequencing analysis and genomic technologies has led to the identification of novel molecular events that characterize NSCLC transformation and may represent(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation is the first recognized molecular target in non-small cell lung cancer that makes personalized therapy feasible. This molecular alteration has been demonstrated to be more frequent in Asians, non-smokers and patients with adenocarcinoma histology. Several retrospective and subgroup analyses of phase III(More)
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women, and the second most common cause of cancer death after lung cancer. Improvements in the outcome of breast cancer mean that more patients are living longer and are, therefore, at risk of developing a second malignancy. The aim of this review is to present the current understanding of the risk of lung cancer(More)