Learn More
BACKGROUND Poly adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-ribose polymerase (PARP) is essential in cellular processing of DNA damage via the base excision repair pathway (BER). The PARP inhibition can be directly cytotoxic to tumour cells and augments the anti-tumour effects of DNA-damaging agents. This study evaluated the optimally tolerated dose of olaparib(More)
The number of cancer patients in Europe is rising and significant advances in basic and applied cancer research are making the provision of optimal care more challenging. The concept of cancer as a systemic, highly heterogeneous and complex disease has increased the awareness that quality cancer care should be provided by a multidisciplinary team (MDT) of(More)
The incidence of melanoma is increasing worldwide. Advances in targeted agents and immunotherapy have improved outcomes in metastatic disease, but biomarkers are required to optimize treatment. We determined the prevalence of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and explored their utility as prognostic and pharmacodynamic biomarkers. A total of 101 patients with(More)
Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) subtyping has recently been a key factor in determining patient management with novel drugs. In addition, the identification of distinct oncogenic driver mutations frequently associated with NSCLC histotype and coupled to the clinical responses to targeted therapies have revolutionized the impact of histologic type and(More)
The toxicity profile and the pharmacokinetics of aphidicolin glycinate, a water-soluble analogue of aphidicolin, have been evaluated in two consecutive phase I clinical studies. In the first study, aphidicolin glycinate was given by 1-hour infusion for 5 consecutive days, every 3 weeks (daily x 5 study); in the second study, which was planned on the basis(More)
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a heterogeneous disease, caused by the presence of different clinically relevant molecular subtypes. Genetic mutations are emerging as potential biomarkers of response and treatment selection in patients with NSCLC. Over the past few years, activating mutations of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) have been(More)
This randomised trial compared platinum-based to anthracycline-based chemotherapy in patients with small-cell lung cancer (limited or extensive stage) and <or=2 adverse prognostic factors. Patients were randomised to receive six cycles of either ACE (doxorubicin 50 mg/m(2) i.v., cyclophosphamide 1 g/m(2) i.v. and etoposide 120 mg/m(2) i.v. on day 1, then(More)
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) represents approximately 13% of all lung cancer diagnoses and the incidence has reduced over the last 20 years. Treatment of SCLC remains challenging because of its rapid growth, early dissemination and development of drug resistance during the course of the disease. Chemotherapy remains the cornerstone of treatment for limited(More)
CD25 is expressed at high levels on regulatory T (Treg) cells and was initially proposed as a target for cancer immunotherapy. However, anti-CD25 antibodies have displayed limited activity against established tumors. We demonstrated that CD25 expression is largely restricted to tumor-infiltrating Treg cells in mice and humans. While existing anti-CD25(More)
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive form of lung cancer that is characterized by a rapid doubling time, early onset of dissemination and high sensitivity to chemotherapy. Despite the potential for cure in patients with limited disease with concurrent chemoradiation and an initial good response to chemotherapy in extensive disease, there is a high(More)