Raffaele Cagiano

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On day 15 of gestation, pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were orally treated by gavage with 8 mg/kg of methyl mercury (MMC). At day 1 of postnatal life the levels of MMC in whole brain of exposed pups were found to be about 100 times higher than those of saline-exposed rats, while they were near to the control values at 21 days and practically normal at 60 days(More)
To investigate the possible long-term consequences of gestational exposure to cannabinoids on cognitive functions, pregnant rats were administered with the CB1 receptor agonist WIN 55,212-2 (WIN), at a dose (0.5 mgkg) that causes neither malformations nor overt signs of toxicity. Prenatal WIN exposure induced a disruption of memory retention in 40- and(More)
Rats (Rattus norvegicus) produce ultrasonic calls during mating. We examined changes in the structure and pattern of such vocalizations over the ejaculatory series. In Experiment 1, vocalizations were recorded from 11 pairs of rats through 3 ejaculatory series and analyzed spectrographically. We classified 4 categories of call by spectral frequency and(More)
Contrasting studies on the toxic effects of sodium fluoride (NaF) during developmental stages of Wistar rats, lead us to investigate the neurofunctional effects caused by its perinatal exposure, devoid of any overt sign of toxicity and/or gross malformation. NaF solution was administered to pregnant rats by intragastric gavage at a daily dose of 2.5 and 5.0(More)
F3/contactin (CNTN1) and TAG-1 (CNTN2) are closely related axonal glycoproteins that are differentially regulated during development. In the cerebellar cortex TAG-1 is expressed first as granule cell progenitors differentiate in the premigratory zone of the external germinal layer. However, as these cells begin radial migration, TAG-1 is replaced by(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of prenatal exposures to cannabinoids or carbon monoxide (CO) in an animal experimental model reproducing the environmental conditions in which a fetus develops whose mother, during pregnancy, ingests by smoking low doses of cannabinoids or CO. Particular attention was devoted to analyses of the long-term(More)
Prenatal administration of typical (desipramine, DMI) and atypical (viloxazine, VX and mianserin, MS) antidepressants, at dose levels which do not influence reproductive success or neonatal mortality, produces subtle behavioural changes in offspring of treated rats. Physical signs, such as pinna detachment (unfolding of external ear) and eye opening, were(More)
Glutamic acid decarboxylase and GABA immunoreactivities were qualitatively and quantitatively evaluated in the cerebellar cortex of adult rats prenatally exposed to a low concentration of carbon monoxide (75 parts per million). Carbon monoxide-exposed and control rats were perfused with modified Bouin's fluid and their cerebella were embedded in paraffin.(More)
Prenatal exposure to low concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO, 75 and 150 ppm from day 0 to day 20 of gestation), resulting in maternal blood HbCO concentrations equivalent to those maintained by human cigarette smokers, leads to subtle myelin alterations in the sciatic nerve of male rat offspring. The rapid growth spurt in pup body weight was related to(More)
Prenatal exposure to low concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO, 150 ppm) causes long-term alterations in sphingomyelin (SM) homeostasis in peripheral nervous system, but not brain of male rat offspring. In particular, unlike sphinganine (intermediate of complex sphingolipid biosynthesis de novo), the concentrations of sphingosine (intermediate of complex(More)