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The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic role of co-morbidity in severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A cohort of 270 COPD patients, mean (+/-SD) age 67+/-9 yrs, consecutively discharged from a University Hospital after an acute exacerbation was studied. Mean (+/-SD) forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) was 34+/-16% of(More)
Congestive heart failure (CHF) has been proposed as a possible cause of cognitive dysfunction but only a few studies have directly assessed cognitive performance in CHF. The aim of the present study was to compare the cognitive patterns of patients with CHF and patients having cardiovascular diseases uncomplicated by CHF (no-CHF group). In a multicenter(More)
Some analogy exists between cognitive impairment in hypoxemic patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). We purposed to verify whether the analogy extends to the cerebral perfusion pattern. Ten normal subjects, 15 COPD patients with and 18 without hypoxemia, and 15 patients with mild AD matched for age and(More)
BACKGROUND Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are common causes of in-hospital complications for elderly people. The purpose of the present study is to verify whether concealed renal insufficiency, that is, reduction of the estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in people with normal serum creatinine levels, is a risk factor for ADRs in elderly hospitalized(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a recognized cause of cognitive dysfunction. By using a cross-sectional comparative study, we aimed to verify whether neuropsychological performance of untreated OSA patients conforms to a distinctive pattern. Forty-nine newly diagnosed, untreated OSA patients, 27 with multi-infarctual dementia (MID), 31 with mild to(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Defining the nature of the association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and other chronic conditions is of primary importance to improve the health status of COPD patients through the optimal care of comorbidities. We aimed at providing a reasoned guide to understand, recognize and treat comorbidity of COPD with the(More)
This study was conducted to compare the antihypertensive efficacy and safety of lercanidipine with those of lacidipine and nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic systems in patients aged 65 years or above with mild-to-moderate hypertension. Patients were randomized to receive lercanidipine 5 mg, lacidipine 2 mg, or nifedipine 30 mg for 24 weeks. After 2(More)
To verify whether age affects remote preconditioning, we compared healthy young people (mean age = 28.0 years, SD: 7.2), healthy elderly people (age = 69.2 years, SD: 5.0), and hypertensive elderly people (group 3, age = 72.8 years, SD: 3.9). Each group included 10 participants. The flow-mediated-dilation (FMD) was measured after local (same arm) and remote(More)
The aim of this study was to assess whether assigning a geriatrician to provide daily medical care to geriatric patients in the orthopedic ward can improve the prognosis and reduce the length of stay. Time series analysis was performed in two parts: 1) prospective analysis of two years' workload, and 2) retrospective analysis of data collected over the 4(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the relationship between use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and incident dependency in older adults discharged from acute care hospitals. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING Eleven geriatric and internal medicine acute care wards located throughout Italy. PARTICIPANTS Individuals (mean age 79.2 ± 5.5) who were(More)