Rafaela Vaz Sousa Pereira

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Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is secreted from hepatocytes under physiological conditions and plays an important role in liver biology through the activation of P2 receptors. Conversely, higher extracellular ATP concentrations, as observed during necrosis, trigger inflammatory responses that contribute to the progression of liver injury. Impaired calcium(More)
UNLABELLED Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is an important cause of acute liver failure, with limited therapeutic options. During DILI, oncotic necrosis with concomitant release and recognition of intracellular content amplifies liver inflammation and injury. Among these molecules, self-DNA has been widely shown to trigger inflammatory and autoimmune(More)
Imaging of live animals using intravital microscopy (IVM) has provided a substantial advance in our understanding of cell biology. Here we describe how to adapt a conventional, relatively low-cost laser-scanning microscope to operate as a versatile imaging station. We present the surgical procedures needed to perform liver confocal IVM in mice, thereby(More)
In the present study we evaluated the protection raised by immunization with recombinant influenza viruses carrying sequences coding for polypeptides corresponding to medial and carboxi-terminal moieties of Trypanosoma cruzi ´s amastigote surface protein 2 (ASP2). Those viruses were used in sequential immunization with recombinant adenovirus (heterologous(More)
Interleukin-4 (IL-4) is a multifunctional cytokine involved in many diseases such as autoimmune hepatitis and idiosyncratic drug reactions. However, its role in acetaminophen (APAP)-induced liver injury remains unclear. Our objective was to evaluate the contribution of IL-4 to the pathogenesis of APAP-induced liver injury. Balb/C (WT) and IL-4 knockout(More)
AIM To propose an alternative model of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) in mice, resembling the human features of the disease. METHODS Mice received two consecutive intraperitoneal injections of thioacetamide (TAA) at low dosage (300 mg/kg). Liver injury was assessed by serum transaminase levels (ALT) and liver histology (hematoxylin and eosin). Neutrophil(More)
OBJECTIVE Allergic mice show a reduction in body weight and adiposity with a higher inflammatory response in the adipose tissue similar to obese fat tissue. This study aimed to evaluate whether the low-grade inflammatory milieu of mice with diet-induced mild obesity interferes with the allergic response induced by ovalbumin (OVA). METHODS BALB/c mice were(More)
The prevalence of food allergy is rising in the western world. Allergen restriction is the chosen treatment in this condition, but continuous ingestion of the antigen has shown positive results in clinical trials. In a previous study, we have shown several allergic and metabolic alterations after 7 days of ovalbumin (OVA) ingestion by sensitized mice. The(More)
Concomitant chronic diseases are a common finding in clinics and may consist in a major issue in therapeutics. Here, we investigated whether prolonged ingestion of ovalbumin (Ova) by sensitized mice would reduce the severity of an associated concurrent immunomediated condition such as antigen-induced arthritis (AIA). AIA was induced by administration of(More)
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is known to be an important mediator of anaphylaxis. However, there is a lack of information in the literature about the role of PAF in food allergy. The aim of this work was to elucidate the participation of PAF during food allergy development and the consequent adipose tissue inflammation along with its alterations. Our(More)