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In the rat, oestrogen is a key regulator of gonadotrophin synthesis and release through activation of oestrogen receptors (ERs). Gonadotropes express alpha and beta isoforms of ER and both can activate transcription in response to oestrogen. These experiments were aimed at evaluating the relative contribution of ERalpha and ERbeta on gonadotrope morphology,(More)
The selective oestrogen receptor modulator (SERM) tamoxifen (TX) has agonist/antagonist actions on LH secretion in the rat. Whereas in the absence of oestrogens TX elicits progesterone receptor (PR)-dependent GnRH self-priming, it antagonizes oestrogen-stimulatory action on LH secretion. The aim of these experiments was to explore whether TX(More)
Administration of 4 mg of the antiprogestagen RU486 to 4-day-cyclic rats over 8 consecutive days starting on the day of estrus (Day 1) induced and anovulatory cystic ovarian condition with endocrine and morphological features similar to those exhibited in polycystic ovarian disease (PCO). To determine whether the RU486-treated rat responds in an analogous(More)
BACKGROUND We attempted to define the effect of estrogen receptor (ER)alpha activation on gonadotroph progesterone receptor (PR) expression (mRNA and protein) and action (GnRH-stimulated and GnRH self-priming) in short- and long-term ovariectomized (OVX) rats. METHODS Two weeks or 1 year after OVX, rats were injected over 3 days with 125 microg/kg of(More)
We show our experience in the diagnostic and management of 19 pregnancies with absent or reverse diastolic blood flow velocity (ARFV) in the umbilical artery. The presence of ARFV was a rare condition (2.2% of the high risk patients), and it was associated with a poor prognosis shown by the high percentage of fetuses SGD (small for gestational age) (63.2%),(More)
Estrogen (E) is a key regulator of the synthesis and secretion of pituitary reproductive hormones [luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and prolactin (PRL)]. Until recently, it was thought that all biological actions of E at the pituitary were manifested through a single E receptor (R). The pituitary, like many other reproductive(More)
Intact Wistar male rats injected on Day 1 with 500 micrograms of estradiol benzoate or olive oil were decapitated on Days 15 and 22 or maintained until adulthood to analyze the balanopreputial separation. Other oil or estradiol-treated rats were orchidectomized on Day 15 and decapitated on Day 22. The neonatal estrogenization produced the following(More)
Preovulatory surges of both prolactin (PRL) and progesterone have been suggested to be necessary for the induction of apoptosis in the regressing corpus luteum of the cyclic rat. The aim of these experiments was to study whether the administration of PRL and/or progesterone on the morning of pro-oestrus reproduces the regressive changes that happen in the(More)
In order to correlate the date of balano-preputial separation (BPS) with the testicular development, twenty four rats were selected from an experimental design focused on the effects of pituitary grafts on puberty. Animals that presented BPS at an early age, showed a smaller volume of the seminiferous epithelium and a lower spermatogenic level than that(More)
The role of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) in the control of prolactin (PRL) secretion was analysed in prepubertal male rats. In experiment 1, males of different ages were decapitated after administration of NMDA or vehicle. In experiment 2, 30-day-old males were killed at different times after administration of vehicle, NMDA, MK-801 (a non-competitive NMDA(More)