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INTRODUCTION HTLV-1/2 screening among blood donors commonly utilizes an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (EIA), followed by a confirmatory method such as Western blot (WB) if the EIA is positive.… (More)
BACKGROUND HTLV-1 proviral load is a risk marker for HAM/TSP, but it is insufficient to determine the disease outcome. HTLV-1 Tax and HBZ proteins have been implicated in HAM/TSP pathogenesis in… (More)
Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1) infection is associated with HTLV-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP), which affects approximately 5% of carriers. High proviral load is… (More)
Marina Lobato Martins1,3, Rafaela Gomes Andrade2,3, Bernardo Hinkelmann Nedir2,3 and Edel Figueiredo Barbosa-Stancioli2,3 1Gerencia de Desenvolvimento Tecnico Cientifico, Centro de Hematologia e… (More)