Rafael de Jesús Hernández-Zenteno

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BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive disorder characterized by an inflammatory response to cigarette smoke. A disorder in immune regulation contributing to the pathogenesis of COPD has been suggested, however, little is known about the involvement of CD4 (+) T cells. To determine the distribution of different CD4(+) T(More)
RATIONALE Treatment of severe asthma may be difficult despite the use of several medications including parenteral corticosteroids. Intravenous magnesium sulfate (MgSO(4)) is one ancillary drug for severe crisis; its inhaled use is controversial. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the usefulness of inhaled MgSO(4) compared to placebo in improving lung function, oxygen(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an inflammatory disease that arises in response to noxious particles or gases. Associations of genetic polymorphisms in TNF have been reported in Asians and Caucasians, but not in Mestizo populations. A case-control study was conducted in two stages: in the first stage, patients with COPD (COPD group, n=165)(More)
RATIONALE Biomass exposure is an important risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the time-course behavior of FEV1 in subjects exposed to biomass is unknown. OBJECTIVES We undertook this study to determine the FEV1 rate decline in subjects exposed to biomass. METHODS Pulmonary function was assessed every year in a Mexican(More)
BACKGROUND Mexico City is located at an altitude of 2240 meters (m) above sea level with a mean barometric pressure of 585 mmHg. Normal PaO2 and PaCO2 values in young subjects are 67 and 31 mmHg, respectively. Sleep desaturation, present in normal subjects at sea level, may be more frequent and severe at moderate altitudes. Our objective was to describe(More)
BACKGROUND Early diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains the main intervention to prevent disease progression. However, conflicting results exist on the utility of two different diagnostic strategies that preclude freely recommending one strategy in favor of the other. Spirometry was used to determine the effectiveness of a(More)
Nicotine is the main component of cigarettes that causes addiction, which is considered a complex disease, and genetic factors have been proposed to be involved in the development of addiction. The CYP2A6 gene encodes the main enzyme responsible for nicotine metabolism. Depending on the study population, different genetic variants of CYP2A6 associated with(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a complex and multifactorial disease with a strong genetic component. Our objective is to identify the genetic variants associated with COPD risk and its severity in Mexican Mestizo population. We evaluated 1285 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of candidate genes in 299 smokers with COPD (COPD-S) and 531(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory condition characterized by complex lesions of the lungs and other organs as well as a progressive obstruction of the airway. In COPD patients, heart failure (HF) is associated with worse conditions such as inflammation, arterial stiffness, and increased risk mortality.(More)
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