Rafael Vazquez-Martinez

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PRL gene expression in the anterior pituitary has been the focus of intensive investigation for many years, but very little information is available on the actual dynamics by which this process occurs in individual mammotrope cells. Here, we used single cell bioluminescent imaging microscopy and a recently refined reporter gene strategy to measure PRL(More)
BACKGROUND There exists abundant molecular and ultra-structural evidence to suggest that cytoplasmic actin can physically interact with the nuclear envelope (NE) membrane system. However, this interaction has yet to be characterised in living interphase cells. RESULTS Using a fluorescent conjugate of the actin binding drug cytochalasin D (CD-BODIPY) we(More)
Periodic secretion of GnRH from the hypothalamus is the driving force for the release of gonadotropic hormones from the pituitary, but the roles of individual neurons in the context of this pulse generator are not known. In this study we used FM1-43 to monitor the membrane turnover associated with exocytosis in single GT1-7 neurons and found an intrinsic(More)
The UII and urotensin II-related peptide (URP) genes belong to the same superfamily as the somatostatin gene. It has been previously shown that somatostatin activates the UII-receptor (UTR). In contrast, the possible interaction between UII and URP and somatostatin receptors has remained scarcely analyzed. Herein, we have investigated the effects of UII and(More)
Recent reports demonstrate that the rat GnRH promoter is activated in an episodic fashion in immortalized GnRH neurons, but little information is available on molecular processes that contribute to this phenomenon. In this study, we dissected the regions of the rat GnRH promoter that mediate these effects by testing a series of 5' deletion luciferase(More)
Calophyllum brasiliense (Calophyllaceae) is a tropical rain forest tree, mainly distributed in South and Central America. It is an important source of bioactive natural products like, for instance soulatrolide, and mammea type coumarins. Soulatrolide is a tetracyclic dipyranocoumarins and a potent inhibitor of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase and Mycobacterium(More)
The regulated secretory pathway shared by excitable cells, including neurons and neuroendocrine cells is an intricate process that comprises multiple, tightly regulated steps. After their synthesis in the endoplasmic reticulum, hormones and neuropeptides have to be sorted and packed into large dense core vesicles (also named secretory granules) in the Golgi(More)
Previously, it has been shown that background color conditions regulate the overall activity of the frog intermediate lobe by varying the proportions of the two subtypes of melanotropes existing in the gland, the highly active or secretory melanotropes and hormone storage melanotropes, depending on melanocyte-stimulating hormone requirements. However, the(More)
The intermediate lobe of the pituitary secretes the melanotropic hormone alpha-MSH, which in amphibians plays a crucial role in skin color adaptation. It has been previously demonstrated that, in the frog Rana ridibunda, the intermediate lobe is composed of two distinct subpopulations of melanotrope cells that can be separated in vitro by using Percoll(More)
Pulsatile release of GnRH is essential for proper reproductive function, but little information is available on the molecular processes underlying this intermittent activity. Recently, GnRH gene expression (GnRH-GE) episodes and exocytotic pulses have been identified separately in individual GnRH-expressing cells, raising the exciting possibility that both(More)
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