Rafael V. C. Guido

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Drug discovery is a highly complex and costly process, which demands integrated efforts in several relevant aspects involving innovation, knowledge, information, technologies, expertise, R&D investments and management skills. The shift from traditional to genomics- and proteomics-based drug research has fundamentally transformed key R&D strategies in the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cathepsin K (CatK) is a major drug target for the treatment of osteoporosis. Potent active site-directed inhibitors have been developed and showed variable success in clinical trials. These inhibitors block the entire activity of CatK and thus may interfere with other pathways. The present study investigates the antiresorptive effect(More)
Parasitic diseases are amongst the foremost threats to human health and welfare around the world. In tropical and subtropical regions of the world, the consequences of parasitic infections are devastating both in terms of human morbidity and mortality. The current available drugs are limited, ineffective, and require long treatment regimens. To overcome(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis InhA (MtInhA) is an attractive enzyme to drug discovery efforts due to its validation as an effective biological target for tuberculosis therapy. In this work, two different virtual-ligand-screening approaches were applied in order to identify new InhA inhibitors' candidates from a library of ligands selected from the ZINC(More)
The identification of promising hits and the generation of high quality leads are crucial steps in the early stages of drug discovery projects. The definition and assessment of both chemical and biological space have revitalized the screening process model and emphasized the importance of exploring the intrinsic complementary nature of classical and modern(More)
Hexanic, methanolic, and hydroalcoholic extracts, and 34 isolated compounds from Vitex polygama Cham. (Lamiaceae, formely Verbenaceae) and Siphoneugena densiflora O. Berg (Myrtaceae) were screened for their trypanocidal effects on bloodstream forms of Trypanosoma cruzi and T brucei, as well as for their enzymatic inhibitory activities on glycosomal(More)
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the major causes of human death. The most successful therapeutic approach available is based on the reduction of low density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). However, it is believed that the next paradigm in CHD treatment will rely on increased HDL-C levels. One of the most promising strategies for this goal is the(More)
Human parasitic diseases are the foremost threat to human health and welfare around the world. Trypanosomiasis is a very serious infectious disease against which the currently available drugs are limited and not effective. Therefore, there is an urgent need for new chemotherapeutic agents. One attractive drug target is the major cysteine protease from(More)
Schistosomiasis is considered the second most important tropical parasitic disease, with severe socioeconomic consequences for millions of people worldwide. Schistosoma mansoni , one of the causative agents of human schistosomiasis, is unable to synthesize purine nucleotides de novo, which makes the enzymes of the purine salvage pathway important targets(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world, and it is estimated that one-third of the world's population is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Among a series of tested compounds, we have recently identified five synthetic chalcones which inhibit the activity of M. tuberculosis protein tyrosine phosphatase A(More)