Rafael Vázquez-Martínez

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Lipid droplets (LDs) are organelles that coordinate lipid storage and mobilization, both processes being especially important in cells specialized in managing fat, the adipocytes. Proteomic analyses of LDs have consistently identified the small GTPase Rab18 as a component of the LD coat. However, the specific contribution of Rab18 to adipocyte function(More)
Somatostatin (SRIF) exerts its multiple actions, including inhibition of GH secretion and of tumoral growth, through a family of five receptor subtypes (sst1-sst5). We recently reported that an sst2-selective agonist markedly decreases GH release from pig somatotropes, suggesting important roles for this scarcely explored receptor, psst2. Here, functional(More)
We have identified a novel vertebrate-specific gene by applying a Differential Display method on two distinct subtypes of pituitary melanotropes showing divergent secretory phenotypes of hypo- and hypersecretion. A paralogue of this gene was also identified. The existence of a long coiled-coil domain and a C-terminal transmembrane domain in the sequences,(More)
SCOPE To determine whether the insulin resistance that exists in metabolic syndrome (MetS) patients is modulated by dietary fat composition. METHODS AND RESULTS Seventy-five patients were randomly assigned to one of four diets for 12 wk: high-saturated fatty acids (HSFAs), high-MUFA (HMUFA), and two low-fat, high-complex carbohydrate (LFHCC) diets(More)
Chromogranin A (CgA) and secretogranin II (SgII) are neuroendocrine secretory proteins that participate in regulation of the secretory pathway and also serve as precursors of biologically active peptides. To investigate whether there is a relationship between the expression, distribution, and processing of CgA and SgII and the degree of secretory activity,(More)
GPR55 is a putative cannabinoid receptor, and l-α-lysophosphatidylinositol (LPI) is its only known endogenous ligand. We investigated 1) whether GPR55 is expressed in fat and liver; 2) the correlation of both GPR55 and LPI with several metabolic parameters; and 3) the actions of LPI on human adipocytes. We analyzed CB1, CB2, and GPR55 gene expression and(More)
Chromogranins are a family of acidic glycoproteins that play an active role in hormone and neuropeptide secretion through their crucial role in secretory granule biogenesis in neuroendocrine cells. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying their granulogenic activity are still not fully understood. Because we previously demonstrated that the expression(More)
BACKGROUND The nuclear protein high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) can be passively released by necrotic cells or secreted actively by several cell types to regulate immune and inflammatory responses, as well as tissue remodeling. We herein aimed to characterize the effect of insulin resistance on HMGB1 in adipose tissue and to examine its potential role as a(More)
Adipose tissue represents a complex tissue both in terms of its cellular composition, as it includes mature adipocytes and the various cell types comprising the stromal-vascular fraction (SVF), and in relation to the distinct biochemical, morphological and functional characteristics according to its anatomical location. Herein, we have characterized the(More)
The regulated secretory pathway is a hallmark of endocrine and neuroendocrine cells. This process comprises different sequential steps, including ER-associated protein synthesis, ER-to-Golgi protein transport, Golgi-associated posttranslational modification, sorting and packing of secretory proteins into carrier granules, cytoskeleton-based granule(More)