Learn More
GPR55 is a putative cannabinoid receptor, and l-α-lysophosphatidylinositol (LPI) is its only known endogenous ligand. We investigated 1) whether GPR55 is expressed in fat and liver; 2) the correlation of both GPR55 and LPI with several metabolic parameters; and 3) the actions of LPI on human adipocytes. We analyzed CB1, CB2, and GPR55 gene expression and(More)
Lipid droplets (LDs) are organelles that coordinate lipid storage and mobilization, both processes being especially important in cells specialized in managing fat, the adipocytes. Proteomic analyses of LDs have consistently identified the small GTPase Rab18 as a component of the LD coat. However, the specific contribution of Rab18 to adipocyte function(More)
In the present study, we analyze the effects of ethanol on the Golgi structure and membrane transport in differentiated PC12 cells, which are used as a model of neurons. Chronic exposure to moderate doses of ethanol induces Golgi fragmentation, a common characteristic of many neurodegenerative diseases. Alcohol impaired the lateral linking of stacks without(More)
PRL gene expression in the anterior pituitary has been the focus of intensive investigation for many years, but very little information is available on the actual dynamics by which this process occurs in individual mammotrope cells. Here, we used single cell bioluminescent imaging microscopy and a recently refined reporter gene strategy to measure PRL(More)
BACKGROUND There exists abundant molecular and ultra-structural evidence to suggest that cytoplasmic actin can physically interact with the nuclear envelope (NE) membrane system. However, this interaction has yet to be characterised in living interphase cells. RESULTS Using a fluorescent conjugate of the actin binding drug cytochalasin D (CD-BODIPY) we(More)
Somatostatin (SRIF) and cortistatin (CST) are two cyclic peptides sharing remarkable structural, pharmacological and functional similarities. Both peptides bind all somatostatin receptors subtypes (sst1-5) with comparable affinities, which may explain the considerable similitude between their actions, particularly on endocrine targets. However, the(More)
Periodic secretion of GnRH from the hypothalamus is the driving force for the release of gonadotropic hormones from the pituitary, but the roles of individual neurons in the context of this pulse generator are not known. In this study we used FM1-43 to monitor the membrane turnover associated with exocytosis in single GT1-7 neurons and found an intrinsic(More)
The UII and urotensin II-related peptide (URP) genes belong to the same superfamily as the somatostatin gene. It has been previously shown that somatostatin activates the UII-receptor (UTR). In contrast, the possible interaction between UII and URP and somatostatin receptors has remained scarcely analyzed. Herein, we have investigated the effects of UII and(More)
The intermediate lobe of the pituitary secretes the melanotropic hormone alpha-MSH, which in amphibians plays a crucial role in skin color adaptation. It has been previously demonstrated that, in the frog Rana ridibunda, the intermediate lobe is composed of two distinct subpopulations of melanotrope cells that can be separated in vitro by using Percoll(More)
Ca2+ plays an essential role in pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP)-stimulated growth hormone (GH) secretion from porcine somatotropes. Here, Indo-1 microfluorimetry was used to investigate the dynamics of free cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in single porcine somatotropes in response to PACAP38 and PACAP27. We also evaluated(More)