Rafael Vázquez-Duhalt

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We studied the metabolism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) by using white rot fungi previously identified as organisms that metabolize polychlorinated biphenyls. Bran flakes medium, which has been shown to support production of high levels of laccase and manganese peroxidase, was used as the growth medium. Ten fungi grown for 5 days in this medium(More)
As the number of industrial applications for proteins continues to expand, the exploitation of protein engineering becomes critical. It is predicted that protein engineering can generate enzymes with new catalytic properties and create desirable, high-value, products at lower production costs. Peroxidases are ubiquitous enzymes that catalyze a variety of(More)
Fungal laccases have been extensively exploited for industrial purposes and there is a wealth of information available regarding their reaction mechanism, biological role and several molecular aspects, including cloning, heterologous expression and transcriptional analyses. Here we present the reconstruction of the fungal laccase loci evolution inferred(More)
White-rot fungi were studied for the decolorization of 23 industrial dyes. Laccase, manganese peroxidase, lignin peroxidase, and aryl alcohol oxidase activities were determined in crude extracts from solid-state cultures of 16 different fungal strains grown on whole oats. All Pleurotus ostreatus strains exhibited high laccase and manganese peroxidase(More)
Lignin peroxidase from Phanerochaete chrysosporium was used to study the oxidation of aromatic compounds, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and heterocyclic compounds, that are models of moieties of asphaltene molecules. The oxidations were done in systems containing water-miscible organic solvents, including methanol, isopropanol, N,(More)
The incorporation of fungal laccases into novel applications has been delayed mainly due to their intrinsic sensitivity towards halides and alkaline conditions. In order to explore new sources of enzymes we evaluated the multipotent polyphenol oxidase PPO1 from the marine bacterium Marinomonas mediterranea. Here we report that, in contrast to its fungal(More)
Nonylphenol is a metabolic intermediate from the microbial transformation of detergents used worldwide. While nonylphenol shows some acute toxicity, it is also able to mimic important hormones resulting in the disruption of several processes by interfering with the signals that control the overall physiology of the organism. This work perform a critical(More)
The enzymatic mechanism for the transformationof organophosphorus pesticides (OPPs) by differentwhite-rot fungi strains was studied. With theexception of Ganoderma applanatum 8168,all strains from a collection of 17 different fungicultures were able to deplete parathion. Threestrains showing the highest activities were selectedfor further studies:(More)
The transformation of organic halogenated pesticides by laccase-mediator system has been investigated. Twelve pesticides were assayed in the presence of nine different mediators. Acetosyringone and syringaldehyde showed to be the best mediators. The halogenated pesticides bromoxynil, niclosamide, bromofenoxim and dichlorophen were transformed by the(More)
Nonylphenol is a metabolic intermediate from the microbial transformation of detergents used worldwide. While nonylphenol shows some acute toxicity, it is also able to mimic important hormones resulting in the disruption of several processes by interfering with the signals that control the overall physiology of the organism. The effect of the pollutant(More)