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Dengue viruses are arthropod-borne, single-stranded RNA viruses. Aëdes aegypti and Aëdes albopictus are the principal vectors. In order to understand the molecular basis of dengue virus infections we explored the biochemical identity of dengue-2 (DEN-2) virus receptors in the Aëdes albopictus-derived cell line C6/36. We show here that DEN-2 interacts with(More)
ApoE is a 34-kDa apoprotein that mediates lipoprotein binding to the low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor and to the LDL receptor-related protein. Receptor binding is mediated by a highly basic, alpha-helical sequence of approximately 15 amino acids that interacts with cysteine-rich repeat regions of the receptor. To determine the relationship between the(More)
Previous reports have revealed that calmodulin antagonism by melatonin is followed by microtubule enlargements and neurite outgrowths in neuroblastoma N1E-115 cells. In addition, activation of protein kinase C (PKC) by this neurohormone is also followed by increased vimentin phosphorylation, and reorganization of vimentin intermediate filaments (IFs) in(More)
The protozoan Giardia lamblia initiates infection when trophozoites emerge from a cyst in the hosts by the excystation process. Although this process is crucial to the initiation of infection by G. lamblia, little is known about its regulation. To study the possible involvement of calmodulin (CaM) in excystation we tested the effect of several CaM(More)
Luciferase reporter phages (LRPs) have proven to be efficient tools for drug susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Luminometric detection of LRP activity offers higher sensitivity and quantitative results, while a Polaroid film detection method offers a "low-tech" inexpensive alternative that is called the Bronx box. In this work we(More)
A peculiar characteristic of Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites is their capacity to invade human tissues. One of the cellular determinants of invasion may include adhesion to extracellular matrix components such as collagen, induction, and secretion of electron-dense granules (EDG) and tissue digestion. The mechanism and receptors involved in this process(More)
The interaction of Entamoeba histolytica with collagen induces the intracellular formation and release of electron-dense granules (EDGs) containing collagenase activity which are important in the pathogenicity of this parasite. Purified EDGs contain at least 25 polypeptides with acidic pIs, nine gelatinase activities, small molecules, including inorganic(More)
HM-1:IMSS, a pathogenic strain of Entamoeba histolytica, and its mutant BG-3, identified by resistance to cytochalasin D, were tested for their capacity to: (i) secrete electron-dense granules; (ii) adhere and digest native type I collagen gels; and (iii) produce liver abscesses in new-born hamsters. The results demonstrate that the mutant has low adherence(More)
To prescribe effective treatment schemes for patients with tuberculosis, more-efficient susceptibility testing techniques for Mycobacterium tuberculosis are needed, especially in regions with multidrug resistance. Etest (AB BIODISK, Solna, Sweden) is a simple technique that provides quantitative drug susceptibility results for M. tuberculosis in 5 to 10(More)
Proteolytic activities of the protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica strain HM1:IMSS and the cytochalasin D-resistant mutant BG-3 were analyzed following stimulation with collagen type I and Ca2+, which induces electron-dense associated collagenase secretion. The mutant BG-3 had a protease activity of 73 kDa and secretion of total protease activity was(More)