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BACKGROUND The aim of the current study was to evaluate the prevalence of lactose malabsorption (LM) in Galicia (NW Spain) in order to design nutritional intervention and/or public education strategies for high risk groups. METHODS We conducted a study of LM by breath-hydrogen carbohydrate absorption test (BH2 test) in 850 healthy subjects. All subjects(More)
Changes in paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activities have been observed in a variety of diseases involving oxidative stress, such as CVD. However, its role in obesity has not been fully established. In the present study, we aimed (1) to genotype sixteen PON1 SNP, (2) to measure serum PON1 activities and (3) to correlate these findings with the incidence of childhood(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe vitamin intakes in Spanish food patterns, identify groups at risk for inadequacy and determine conditioning factors that may influence this situation. DESIGN Pooled-analysis of eight cross-sectional regional nutrition surveys. SUBJECTS Ten thousand two hundred and eight free-living subjects (4728 men, 5480 women) aged 25-60 years.(More)
BACKGROUND. Agenesis of the corpus callosum is generally associated with other developmental defects of the cerebrum. Some familial cases have been reported. CASES REPORTS Case n. 1. A 6 year-old girl was examined because of developmental retardation, first noted at the age of 3 months. There was no consanguinity but 2 girls, cousins of the father, died at(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate tooth lead concentrations in a Spanish population living in Coruña, Spain. A total of 220 teeth were analysed using a microwave oven digestion procedure and lead content was measured by atomic absorption spectrometry. Samples were classified according to age, sex, type of tooth, cause of extraction and place of(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the present paper was to evaluate the role that body composition plays in lung function, among healthy children and adolescents. METHODS Cross-sectional study was undertaken using sex- and age-stratified sampling among healthy children and adolescents aged 6-18 years. Spirometry was performed on every child who fulfilled(More)
The pool of microbes inhabiting our body is known as "microbiota" and their collective genomes as "microbiome". The colon is the most densely populated organ in the human body, although other parts, such as the skin, vaginal mucosa, or respiratory tract, also harbour specific microbiota. This microbial community regulates some important metabolic and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The natural history of functional dyspepsia is not well known. We prospectively assess the quality of life and severity of symptoms in a group of Spanish patients with functional dyspepsia. PATIENTS AND METHODS One hundred and twelve consecutive patients with functional dyspepsia, according to Rome II criteria, were prospectively(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships of lead content in the human tooth with the prevalence of caries, dental plaque, pH of saliva, levels of Salivalis lactobacilli (SL) and Mutans streptococci (MS), degree of dental abrasion, tooth colour and toothbrushing frequency. A total of 220 teeth (one per person) were analysed using a(More)