Learn More
During the subacute and chronic phases of esophagitis due to ingestion of a caustic substance, the patient commonly displays stricture, esophageal rigidity and dysphagia. We used esophageal manometry, radiology, pH monitoring and 99mTc scintigraphy to investigate esophageal motor function in 25 children (mean age 24 +/- 7 months) with chronic esophagitis(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the current study was to evaluate the prevalence of lactose malabsorption (LM) in Galicia (NW Spain) in order to design nutritional intervention and/or public education strategies for high risk groups. METHODS We conducted a study of LM by breath-hydrogen carbohydrate absorption test (BH2 test) in 850 healthy subjects. All subjects(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Obesity is a major public health problem in developed countries. It is of key importance to ascertain its magnitude and to identify main groups at risk. In this paper the prevalence of obesity in Spanish adult population aged 25-60 is estimated, based on measured height and weight. SUBJECTS AND METHOD Pooled-analysis of regional(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate tooth lead concentrations in a Spanish population living in Coruña, Spain. A total of 220 teeth were analysed using a microwave oven digestion procedure and lead content was measured by atomic absorption spectrometry. Samples were classified according to age, sex, type of tooth, cause of extraction and place of(More)
Steroids have been widely used to prevent the severe secondary strictures that inevitably follow accidental ingestion of caustic substances by children, though with controversial results. To confirm the efficacy of large early doses of dexamethasone, we conducted an experimental study in rabbits. A cotton swab soaked in sodium hydroxide was placed on the(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the present paper was to evaluate the role that body composition plays in lung function, among healthy children and adolescents. METHODS Cross-sectional study was undertaken using sex- and age-stratified sampling among healthy children and adolescents aged 6-18 years. Spirometry was performed on every child who fulfilled(More)
Changes in paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activities have been observed in a variety of diseases involving oxidative stress, such as CVD. However, its role in obesity has not been fully established. In the present study, we aimed (1) to genotype sixteen PON1 SNP, (2) to measure serum PON1 activities and (3) to correlate these findings with the incidence of childhood(More)
Of follicular oocytes with germinal vesicles, 79% resumed meiosis within 48 hours in modified Ham's F-10 medium for oocyte culture, and 59% of them reached the second-metaphase stage of meiosis. An increase in cortical granules and tubular aggregates and a decrease in the Golgi apparatus were observed during the maturation process. Scanning electron(More)
We studied serum levels of total cholesterol, lipoproteins and triglycerides in venous blood samples and the intake of nutrients using the subject's daily record of food eaten during a period of 7 d. The material comprised 7367 children and adolescents. The overall average lipid levels (4.55 +/- 0.91 mmol/L for TC, 1.42 +/- 0.47 mmol/L for HDL-C, 2.74 +/-(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS There is a strong debate on the diagnosis and early phenotypic expression of the metabolic syndrome in children. The aim of the present study was to examine the frequency of the metabolic syndrome using various definitions in obese prepubertal and pubertal children. METHODS 478 (213 females and 265 males) obese children were recruited in(More)