Rafael Segarra

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The self-medication hypothesis attempts to explain the extraordinary high levels of cigarette smoking in schizophrenia; patients may smoke in an attempt to reduce their cognitive deficits, symptoms, or the side effects of antipsychotics. In a previous report, we detected beneficial performance in attention and working memory in patients with first-episode(More)
The purpose of this study is to describe possible differences in cognitive functioning between smoking and non-smoking patients with first-episode psychosis and to determine whether there is a better cognitive profile associated with smoking. We assessed 61 first-episode psychosis patients with a neuropsychological battery that included computerized(More)
OBJECTIVES The Eiffel study is a longitudinal, naturalistic study of patients with first episode psychosis (FEP) designed to evaluate the predictive value of defective insight on treatment adherence and global functioning. METHODS Five hundred seventy-seven patients with FEP were assessed at baseline and at a 1-year follow-up. They were compared in terms(More)
The aims of this study were to analyze the presence of gender differences in the phenotypic expression of schizophrenia at the onset of illness and to explore whether these differences determine clinical and functional outcome 2 years after the initiation of treatment. Data from 231 first-episode-psychosis non-substance-dependent patients (156 men and 75(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this two-year longitudinal study was to identify the best baseline predictors of functional outcome in first-episode psychosis (FEP). We tested whether the same factors predict functional outcomes in two different subsamples of FEP patients: schizophrenia and non-schizophrenia syndrome groups. METHODS Ninety-five patients with FEP(More)
Few studies have analysed factors that predict the ultimate clinical diagnosis in first-episode psychosis (FEP), and none has included cognitive factors. Eighty-six FEP patients and 34 healthy controls were recruited and followed up for two years. Positive and negative symptoms, depression, mania, duration of untreated psychosis (DUP), premorbid(More)
INTRODUCTION In this work we present REHACOP, a programme of cognitive rehabilitation in psychosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS The foundation of the REHACOP programme (its structure, materials, aims, work methodology and means of implementation) are described in detail. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS This new therapeutic tool is presented with the aim of being of(More)
AIMS To describe the course of cognitive functioning in first-episode psychosis and to determine possible differences in the degree and trajectory of cognitive deficits between schizophrenia and non-schizophrenia first-episode psychosis. METHOD We assessed attention, working memory, and executive functioning in 57 patients with first-episode psychosis(More)
Falls in the elderly represent a major health problem. The etiology of falls is usually multifactorial. Special attention should be paid on benzodiazepines (BZDs) since they are widely used by older adults. A literature search of the PUBMED and EMBASE databases from January 2007 to February 2017 was conducted using the MeSH terms "benzodiazepines",(More)