Rafael Santamaría

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Article history: Received 22 September 2011 Received in revised form 28 January 2013 Accepted 2 February 2013 Available online 9 February 2013 This paper analyzes the investor sentiment effect in four key European stock markets: France, Germany, Spain and the UK. The findings show that sentiment has a significant influence on returns, varying in intensity(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic activation of immunocompetent cells may lead to stress-induced premature senescence (SIPS); these senescent cells are characterized by a decrease in telomere length. The present study evaluates SIPS in circulating immunocompetent cells from predialysis patients, patients on hemodialysis, and in renal transplant patients with normal renal(More)
The calcimimetic cinacalcet increases the sensitivity of the parathyroid calcium-sensing receptor to calcium and therefore should produce a decrease in the set point of the parathyroid hormone (PTH)-calcium curve. For investigation of this hypothesis, nine long-term hemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism were given cinacalcet for 2 mo, the(More)
Renal rejection is associated with an active immune response regulated by cytokines and in which immunocompetent cells are involved. Previous studies have measured high levels of cytokines in the urine and plasma in various renal dysfunction states. However, some methods used to measured cytokines hinder their use as a diagnostic tool in renal rejection. In(More)
In uremic patients, severe parathyroid hyperplasia is associated with reduced parathyroid calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) expression. Thus, in these patients, a high serum Ca concentration may be required to inhibit parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion. This study compares the magnitude of reduction in CaR expression and the degree of the abnormality in(More)
BACKGROUND Renal hyperparathyroidism is assessed by measurement of parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels. The intact PTH assay (I-PTH) not only reacts with 1-84 PTH but also with large, truncated fragments of non-1-84 PTH. Because the whole PTH assay (W-PTH) is specific for 1-84 PTH, non-1-84 PTH is determined by subtracting W-PTH from I-PTH values. These large(More)
Methimazole, carbimazole, and propylthiouracil (PTU) are the mainstays of antithyroid drug therapy. Adverse effects of these drugs have been documented in less than 15% of patients undergoing treatment for hyperthyroidism. Common problems include fever, skin rash, urticaria, arthralgias, and arthritis. Vasculitis associated with antineutrophil(More)
This paper is a data-based attempt to analyse what kind of information basically affects close-to-open returns, opento-close returns, volatility and volume in actively traded individual securities on the Spanish stock market. Specifically, we are interested in detecting how these variables react to specific pieces of news considered as exogenous(More)
The proximal tubule defends the body against acid challenges by enhancing its production and secretion of ammonia. Our previous studies demonstrated an enhanced ammoniagenic response of the proximal tubule to ANG II added to the lumen in vitro after an in vivo acid challenge. The present study examined the effect of NH(4)Cl acid loading in vivo on renal(More)
The new Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) international guidelines on chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the management of blood pressure (BP) in CKD patients are an update of the corresponding 2002 and 2004 KDOQI (Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative) guidelines. The documents aim to provide updated guidelines on the assessment,(More)