Rafael Rojas

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Alcohol abuse is common among the population and results in significant diseases that shorten life span. Ethanol may result in chronic brain changes such as atrophy but may also result in neurologic disease that may be acute or chronic and sometimes life threatening. Accompanying vitamin deficiencies may lead to Wernicke's encephalopathy and changes in(More)
The central nervous system is one of the primary targets for the detrimental effects of drugs of abuse. Diagnostic imaging, especially MRI, plays an important role in the detection of complications associated with drug abuse. We present the imaging findings associated with the abuse of opioids and other morphine derivatives, as well, as solvents. Of the(More)
Multiple neurological complications of cocaine abuse have been described including both ischemic and hemorrhagic cerebrovascular events, atrophy in the case of chronic abuse, and an increase in incidence of congenital malformations in the setting of maternal use. The abuse of cannabis may cause a number of neurovascular changes that, in turn, may result in(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this article is to evaluate the accuracy of preliminary on-call radiology resident interpretation of CT angiography (CTA) compared with digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in detecting cerebral aneurysms in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective review compared resident interpretations of head CTA(More)
Hemangiopericytomas are rare soft-tissue neoplastic lesions that can arise in any part of the body. They are mesenchymal tumors that account for 3 to 5% of all soft-tissue sarcomas and 1% of all vascular tumors. They originate in extravascular cells (pericytes). Some 15 to 30% of all hemangiopericytomas occur in the head and neck; of these, approximately 5%(More)
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal dominant congenital dysplasia of the neural crest cells that affects the development of tissue and structures arising from the 3 germinal layers. Affected patients may present with spinal deformities or with bone or soft tissue abnormalities. Imaging plays an important role in the evaluation of these patients.(More)