Rafael Ramírez

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Immunosenescence is a process that primarily affects the T cell compartment of the immune system, although age-associated immunological alterations have also been demonstrated in the NK cell phenotype and function. A significant expansion in the number of NK cells is found in aging. The NK cytotoxic capacity of total peripheral blood lymphocytes is also(More)
Temperatures in tropical regions are estimated to have increased by 3° to 5°C, compared with Late Paleocene values, during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM, 56.3 million years ago) event. We investigated the tropical forest response to this rapid warming by evaluating the palynological record of three stratigraphic sections in eastern Colombia and(More)
We perform a dimension analysis for colliding viscoelastic spheres to show that the coefficient of normal restitution epsilon depends on the impact velocity g as epsilon=1-gamma(1)g(1/5)+gamma(2)g(2/5)-/+..., in accordance with recent findings. We develop a simple theory to find explicit expressions for coefficients gamma(1) and gamma(2). Using these and(More)
Proinflammatory cytokines contribute to renal injury, but the downstream effectors within kidney cells are not well understood. One candidate effector is Klotho, a protein expressed by renal cells that has antiaging properties; Klotho-deficient mice have an accelerated aging-like phenotype, including vascular injury and renal injury. Whether proinflammatory(More)
OBJECTIVES AND STUDY DESIGN The genetic basis of two polymorphisms of drug- and carcinogen-metabolizing enzymes, NAT2 (arylamine N-acetyltransferase-2) and CYP2E1 (cytochrome P450 2E1), was studied in genomic deoxyribonucleic acid from 137 healthy, unrelated subjects from a mixed Nicaraguan population. RESULTS Six point mutations were identified at the(More)
CYP2D6 genotype and debrisoquine metabolic ratio (MR) were analyzed in 133 Nicaraguan Mestizos (NMs) and 260 Cubans divided into Cuban Mestizos (CMs) and White Cubans (WCs). The frequencies of poor metabolizers (MR12.6) were 6% in NMs, 3.9% in CMs and 5.3% in WCs. The frequencies of ultrarapid metabolizers (MR0.1) were 0% in NMs, 2.3% in CMs and 5.3% in(More)
In elderly subjects and in patients with chronic inflammatory diseases, there is an increased subset of monocytes with a CD14(+)CD16(+) phenotype, whose origin and functional relevance has not been well characterized. In this study, we determined whether prolonged survival of human CD14(++)CD16(-) monocytes promotes the emergence of senescent cells, and we(More)
Lack of Klotho expression in mice leads to premature aging and age-related diseases, including vascular diseases. The aim of this study was to determine how endothelial cell line senescence affects Klotho expression and whether intra- or extracellular Klotho has any effect on the response of senescent cells to oxidative stress. The study was performed using(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was carried to evaluate the effect of early administration of dexamethasone on the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and/or death in surfactant-treated preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). STUDY DESIGN In a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 109 preterm infants with RDS and birth(More)
Glucose-phosphorylating activity and insulin secretion were measured in homogenates of isolated rat islets and of perfused rat pancreas, respectively. Fasting for 96 h produced a significant decrease of both low-and high-Km glucose-phosphorylating activities and blocked the insulin secretory response to glucose. In the presence of glucose, 0.25 mM(More)