Rafael Queiroz

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In trypanosomes there is an almost total reliance on post-transcriptional mechanisms to alter gene expression; here, heat shock was used to investigate the response to an environmental signal. Heat shock rapidly and reversibly induced a decrease in polysome abundance, and the consequent changes in mRNA metabolism were studied. Both heat shock and polysome(More)
Cysteine (Cys) synthesis in plants is carried out by two sequential reactions catalyzed by the rate-limiting enzyme serine acetyltransferase (SAT) and excess amounts of O-acetylserine(thiol)lyase. Why these reactions occur in plastids, mitochondria, and cytosol of plants remained unclear. Expression of artificial microRNA (amiRNA) against Sat3 encoding(More)
Trypanosome gene expression is regulated almost exclusively at the post-transcriptional level, with mRNA degradation playing a decisive role. When trypanosomes are transferred from the blood of a mammal to the midgut of a Tsetse fly, they transform to procyclic forms: gene expression is reprogrammed, changing the cell surface and switching the mode of(More)
Progression of the eukaryotic cell cycle requires the regulation of hundreds of genes to ensure that they are expressed at the required times. Integral to cell cycle progression in yeast and animal cells are temporally controlled, progressive waves of transcription mediated by cell cycle-regulated transcription factors. However, in the kinetoplastids, a(More)
When Trypanosoma brucei differentiates from the bloodstream form to the procyclic form, there are decreases in the levels of many mRNAs encoding proteins required for the glycolytic pathway, and the mRNA encoding the RNA recognition motif protein RBP10 decreases in parallel. We show that RBP10 is a cytoplasmic protein that is specific to bloodstream-form(More)
In trypanosomes, the predominant mechanisms of regulation of gene expression are post-transcriptional. The DEAD-box RNA helicase DHH1 was identified in a screen for gene products that are necessary for the instability of the GPI-PLC mRNA in insect-stage trypanosomes. Expression of an ATPase-deficient dhh1 mutant caused a rapid growth arrest associated with(More)
In most organisms, the heat-shock response involves increased heat-shock gene transcription. In Kinetoplastid protists, however, virtually all control of gene expression is post-transcriptional. Correspondingly, Trypanosoma brucei heat-shock protein 70 (HSP70) synthesis after heat shock depends on regulation of HSP70 mRNA turnover. We here show that the T.(More)
In many eukaryotes, messenger RNAs with premature termination codons are destroyed by a process called "nonsense-mediated decay", which requires the RNA helicase Upf1 and also, usually, an interacting factor, Upf2. Recognition of premature termination codons may rely on their distance from either a splice site or the polyadenylation site, and long(More)
Control of gene expression in trypanosomes relies almost exclusively on post-transcriptional mechanisms. Trypanosomes have the normal enzymes for mRNA decay: both the exosome and a 5'-3'-exoribonuclease are important in the degradation of very unstable transcripts, whereas the CAF1/NOT complex plays a major role in the degradation of all mRNAs tested.(More)
In trypanosomes, individual mRNAs arise by the processing of primary polycistronic transcripts. Consequently, mRNA degradation rates are critical determinants of mRNA abundance. In this chapter, we summarize the various options for genetic manipulation in trypanosomes with the goal of analyzing mRNA stability, including RNA interference. We describe a(More)