Rafael P. Ballestero

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BACKGROUND Several cell lines and primary cultures benefit from the use of positively charged extracellular matrix proteins or polymers that enhance their ability to attach to culture plates. Polyethyleneimine is a positively charged polymer that has gained recent attention as a transfection reagent. A less known use of this cationic polymer as an(More)
Bcl-2 is an anti-apoptotic protein that inhibits apoptosis elicited by multiple stimuli in a large variety of cell types. BMRP (also known as MRPL41) was identified as a Bcl-2 binding protein and shown to promote apoptosis. Previous studies indicated that the amino-terminal two-thirds of BMRP contain the domain(s) required for its interaction with Bcl-2,(More)
rho genes have been found in both lower and higher eucaryotes. They code for proteins of 21 kDa, highly conserved in evolution, which belong to the superfamily of ras GTPases. Among the members of this superfamily there are proteins with a regulatory function, such as ras, and proteins involved in vesicular trafficking, such as the family of rab proteins.(More)
Biochemical characterization of changes in gene expression that accompany optic nerve regeneration has led to the identification of proteins that may play key roles in the regeneration process. In this report, a cDNA encoding gRICH70, a novel isoform of the regeneration-induced gRICH68 protein, has been identified and characterized in goldfish. Both gRICH68(More)
Members of the Bcl-2 family of proteins play important roles in the regulation of cell death by apoptosis. The yeast Two-Hybrid system was utilized to identify a protein that interacts with the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2, designated BMRP. This protein corresponds to a previously known mitochondrial ribosomal protein (MRPL41). Binding experiments confirmed(More)
Teleost fish show a remarkable capability of nerve regeneration in their CNS, while injuries to axon fibers in the CNS of mammals result in degeneration and loss of function. Understanding this difference has biomedical consequences to humans. Both extrinsic factors from the neuronal environment and intrinsic neuronal factors seem to play a role in(More)
Using data derived from peptide sequencing of p68/70, a protein doublet induced during optic nerve regeneration in goldfish, we have isolated cDNAs that encode RICH (regeneration-induced CNPase homolog) from a goldfish regenerating retina cDNA library. The predicted RICH protein comprises 411 amino acids, possesses a pI of 4.48, and shows significant(More)
We previously reported cloning of cDNAs encoding both components of a protein doublet induced during goldfish optic nerve regeneration. The predicted protein sequences showed significant homology with the mammalian 2',3'-cyclic-nucleotide 3'-phosphodiesterases (CNPases). CNPases are well-established markers of mammalian myelin; hence, the cDNAs were(More)
Many neurotransmitters are known to regulate neuronal cell function by means of activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) and phosphorylation of neuronal substrate proteins, including transcription factors and ion channels. Here, we have characterized the gene expression of two isoforms of a protein kinase inhibitor (PKI) specific for PKA in mouse(More)
Mammals do not regenerate axons in their central nervous system (CNS) spontaneously. This phenomenon is the cause of numerous medical conditions after damage to nerve fibers in the CNS of humans. The study of the mechanisms of nerve regeneration in other vertebrate animals able to spontaneously regenerate axons in their CNS is essential for understanding(More)