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Future clinical applications of human embryonic stem (hES) cells will require high-yield culture protocols. Currently, hES cells are mainly cultured in static tissue plates, which offer a limited surface and require repeated sub-culturing. Here we describe a stirred system with commercial dextran-based microcarriers coated with denatured collagen to(More)
Tritrichomonas foetus is a parasitic protist of the urogenital tract of cattle. It presents the trophozoite stage, a motile elongated form that constitutes most of the cells in a normal population, and a pseudocyst stage, an immotile rounded form that appears under unfavourable environmental conditions. In the present report pseudocysts were studied in(More)
We present observations on an unusual tetratrichomonad species isolated from preputial smegma of virgin bulls. Ultrastructural studies were performed using scanning and electron microscopy techniques. This protozoan presents four anterior flagella of unequal length and a recurrent one forming the undulating membrane. It shows one anterior nucleus, a Golgi(More)
Tritrichomonas foetus is an amitochondriate parasite that possesses hydrogenosomes, unusual anerobic energy-producing organelles. In these organisms the "mitochondrial cell death machinery" is supposed to be absent, and the mechanisms that lead to cell demise remain to be elucidated. The presence of a cell death program in trichomonads has already been(More)
We present observations on the fine structure and the division process of the Golgi complex in the protists Trichomonas vaginalis and Tritrichomonas foetus, parasites of the urogenital tract of humans and cattle, respectively. The Golgi in trichomonads is a prominent structure, associated with striated parabasal filaments to which this organelle seems to be(More)
The prion protein (PrP(C)) is a cell surface protein expressed mainly in the nervous system. In addition to the role of its abnormal conformer in transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, normal PrP(C) may be implicated in other degenerative conditions often associated with inflammation. PrP(C) is also present in cells of hematopoietic origin, including T(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Renal tubular cells are the main target of ischemic insult associated with acute renal injury. Low oxygen and nutrient supplies result in ATP depletion, leading to cell death and loss of renal function. A possible mechanism by which bone marrow-derived cells support renal tissue regeneration relies on the capacity of mononuclear cells(More)
Tritrichomonas foetus is an amitochondrial parasite protist which lacks typical eukaryote organelles such as mitochondria and peroxisomes, but possesses the hydrogenosome, a double-membrane-bound organelle that produces ATP. The cell death of amitochondrial organisms is poorly studied. In the present work, the cytotoxic effects of hydrogen peroxide on T.(More)
Giardia lamblia is the most commonly detected parasite in the intestinal tract of humans and other mammals causing giardiasis. Giardia presents several cytoskeletal structures with microtubules as major components such as the ventral adhesive disk, eight flagella axonemes, the median body and funis. Many drugs have already been tested as antigiardial(More)
Nuclear migration is regulated by the LIS1 protein, which is the regulatory subunit of platelet activating factor (PAF) acetyl-hydrolase, an enzyme complex that inactivates the lipid mediator PAF. Among other functions, PAF modulates cell proliferation, but its effects upon mechanisms of the cell cycle are unknown. Here we show that PAF inhibited(More)