Rafael Mendonça Duarte

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Earlier studies demonstrated that oscars, endemic to ion-poor Amazonian waters, are extremely hypoxia tolerant, and exhibit a marked reduction in active unidirectional Na(+) uptake rate (measured directly) but unchanged net Na(+) balance during acute exposure to low P(O(2)), indicating a comparable reduction in whole body Na(+) efflux rate. However,(More)
Formation water (produce water or oil field brine) from oil and gas production usually has high concentrations of soluble salts and metals. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of formation water from Urucu Reserve, Amazon, on whole-body uptake and internal distribution of newly accumulated Na+ in juvenile tamoatá, Hoplosternum litoralle.(More)
The so-called "blackwaters" of the Amazonian Rio Negro are rich in highly coloured dissolved organic carbon (DOC), but ion-poor and very acidic, conditions that would cause fatal ionoregulatory failure in most fish. However these blackwaters support 8% of the world's ichthyofauna. We tested the hypothesis that native DOC provides protection against(More)
We evaluated the effects of acute exposure to low pH on Na(+) regulation in two Amazon cichlids collected from natural ion-poor "blackwaters", angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare) and discus (Symphysodon discus). Na(+) uptake kinetic parameters, unidirectional Na(+) fluxes, and net Cl(-) fluxes were determined at pH6.0 and 3.6. At pH6.0, both species presented(More)
Abstrac t This paper presents a procedure for wind speed measurement using ultrasonic transducers based on short-time Fourier transform (STFT). The measurement of wind speed was performed by estimating the ultrasonic transit-time (ToF). For this purpose the estimated ToF was used the technique of digital signal processing, based on the STFT. The ultrasonic(More)
The total rate of N-waste excretion (M N) in juvenile tambaqui living in ion-poor Amazonian water comprised 85 % ammonia-N (M Amm-N) and 15 % urea-N (M Urea-N). Both occurred mainly across the gills with only ~5 % of M Amm-N and ~39 % of M Urea-N via the urine. Tambaqui were not especially tolerant to high environmental ammonia (HEA), despite their great(More)
The copper sensitivity of 10 wild ornamental fish from Rio Negro, an ion-poor river in the Amazon, was analyzed in the absence of dissolved organic carbon (DOC). No mortality was observed at concentrations up to 700mug Cul(-1) for two species exposed to CuCl(2).2H(2)O dissolved in standard EPA-USA water. Copper sensitivity of fish was also tested in INPA(More)
The increment in crude oil exploitation over the last decades has considerably increased the risk of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contamination to Amazonian aquatic environments, especially for the black water environments such as the Rio Negro. The present work was designed to evaluate the acute toxicity of the Urucu crude oil (CO), the chemically(More)
Roundup Original® (RD) is a glyphosate-based herbicide used to control weeds in agriculture. Contamination of Amazon waters has increased as a consequence of anthropogenic pressure, including the use of herbicides as RD. The central goal of this study was to evaluate the toxic effects of RD on juveniles of tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum). Our findings show(More)
The main goal of this study was to investigate the toxicological effects of the chemical dispersant Corexit 9500, crude oil and the combination of the two components in the form of chemically dispersed crude oil (CO+DIS) on the ion regulation of the tropical fish tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum). Gill ion regulation was evaluated on the basis of(More)