Rafael Martín del Río

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Extracellular (EC) concentrations of amino acids were determined in the rat dentate gyrus by means of non-linear regression analysis of 'in vivo' brain dialysis data, considering a simple model of diffusion through a dialysis membrane. The apparent diffusion constants (K) of several amino acids were also calculated in the 'in vivo' situation. While putative(More)
To detect what initiates spreading depression (SD), the early prodromal events were investigated in hippocampal CA1 of urethane-anesthetized rats. SD was provoked by microdialysis or focal microinjection of high-K+ solution. Extracellular DC potentials and extracellular potassium concentration ([K+]o) were recorded, and spontaneous and evoked potentials(More)
The supporting role of glial cells in maintaining neurons and in ion homeostasis has been studied in situ by perfusing the gliotoxin fluorocitrate (FC) through a microdialysis fiber in the CA1 area of urethane-anesthetized rats. Extracellular direct current potential, extracellular potassium concentration ([K+]o) and amino acid levels, extracellular pH(More)
Neuronal transmission through hippocampal subfields exhibits a high degree of modulation and appears dependent on the behavioral state and hippocampal EEG. Sensory inputs, which profoundly modify the hippocampal EEG, may be involved in modulating hippocampal excitability. Field responses of the CA1 region, evoked by ipsilateral CA3 or perforant path(More)
The physiological role of taurine, one of the most abundant free amino acids in the mammalian brain, is still poorly understood. We have found that bath application of the amino acid taurine induces two opposite actions on field excitatory synaptic potentials (fEPSP) recorded in the CA1 area of hippocampal slices: a decrease in fEPSP slope prevented by(More)
The effect of inhibition of the high-affinity uptake of glutamate on the extracellular concentration of amino acids and on neuronal excitability was studied in vivo in the hippocampus of the rat. The dentate gyrus or CA1 field were perfused through a dialytrode with Krebs-Ringer-bicarbonate or dihydrokainic acid solutions. The spontaneous electrical(More)
L-arginine transport is crucial for macrophage activation because it supplies substrate for the key enzymes nitric oxide synthase 2 and arginase I. These enzymes participate in classic and alternative activation of macrophages, respectively. Classic activation of macrophages is induced by type I cytokines, and alternative activation is induced by type II(More)
Taurine increases in brain extracellular space due to glutamate agonists were studied in vivo in the rat hippocampus using a dialysis technique, both in the absence and in the presence of glutamate receptor antagonists. Extracellular taurine levels increased during perfusions of agonists, listed in descending order of potency: kainate (KA),(More)
The glutamate analogues N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), kainic acid (KA), and quisqualic acid (QA), prepared in different hypertonic media, were perfused in vivo in the hippocampal CA1 field of rats using a microdialysis technique. Extracellular taurine levels, estimated after analysis of the taurine content of dialysates, increased during perfusion of all(More)
Previous reports have dealt with the hypoglycemic properties of taurine and its effects on insulin secretion by adult and fetal isolated islets. We have studied the presence and cellular distribution of taurine in rat islets, the conditions to evoke its release, and its possible modulatory action on insulin secretion. We localized taurine by techniques of(More)