Rafael J. Salín-Pascual

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Hypocretins (Hcrts) are recently discovered peptides linked to the human sleep disorder narcolepsy. Humans with narcolepsy have decreased numbers of Hcrt neurons and Hcrt-null mice also have narcoleptic symptoms. Hcrt neurons are located only in the lateral hypothalamus (LH) but neither electrolytic nor pharmacological lesions of this or any other brain(More)
There are significant decrements in sleep with age. These include fragmentation of sleep, increased wake time, decrease in the length of sleep bouts, decrease in the amplitude of the diurnal rhythm of sleep, decrease in rapid eye movement sleep and a profound decrease in electroencephalogram Delta power (0.3-4 Hz). Old rats also have less sleep in response(More)
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE The present report explored the effect of electrical stimulation on the inferior thalamic peduncle in a patient with resistant major depression disorder (MDD). CLINICAL PRESENTATION This report refers to a 49-year-old woman with a history of recurrent episodes of major depression for 20 years (12 episodes and 2 hospitalizations),(More)
The dose-dependent, acute effects of transdermal nicotine (7 and 14 mg) and placebo, applied 2 hours before bedtime, on sleep and mood were determined in 12 nonsmoking normal volunteers. Compared with placebo patch, transdermal nicotine was associated with early morning awakening and reduced total rapid eye movement (REM) sleep time and REM% in a(More)
There is conflicting evidence for the role of nicotine in sleep regulation. This study was undertaken to determine the effects of transdermal nicotine at doses of 17.5, 35 and 52.5 mg on sleep and PGO spike activity. Minor effects were observed on sleep with a general increase in waking. PGO spike activity was abolished by all patches. The results are(More)
The recent discovery linking narcolepsy, a sleep disorder characterized by very short REM sleep latency, with a neuropeptide that regulates feeding and energy metabolism, provides a way to understand how several behaviors may be disrupted as a result of a defect in this peptide. In this chapter we review the evidence linking hypocretin and sleep, including(More)
The present study investigated the distribution of neurons implicated in the regulation of sleep in three species generally used in sleep research, i.e., mice, rats and cats. We focused on sleep active neurons in the ventral lateral preoptic (VLPO) area and the hypocretin/orexin-containing neurons in the lateral hypothalamus. The latter groups of neurons(More)
OBJECTIVE Deep brain stimulation has been used in the treatment of refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Our principal objective was to determine the safety and effectiveness of deep brain stimulation of the inferior thalamic peduncle in the treatment of refractory OCD. METHODS An open protocol was performed from March 2003 to April 2007 in 5(More)
The role of repeated nicotine administration on sleep and major depression was studied. Six non-smoking normal volunteers (NV) and six non-smoking major depressed patients (MD) with a Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression > 18 served as subjects. All subjects underwent the following sleep procedures: acclimatization, control night, four nicotine nights (17.5(More)
BACKGROUND A high frequency of cigarette smoking has been reported among individuals with major depression. In a previous study, transdermal nicotine produced short-term improvement in the mood of depressed patients. This study was undertaken to determine the effects of 4 days' administration of transdermal nicotine on mood in nonsmoking patients with major(More)