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The human cytosolic sulfotransfases (hSULTs) comprise a family of 12 phase II enzymes involved in the metabolism of drugs and hormones, the bioactivation of carcinogens, and the detoxification of xenobiotics. Knowledge of the structural and mechanistic basis of substrate specificity and activity is crucial for understanding steroid and hormone metabolism,(More)
ENCoM is a coarse-grained normal mode analysis method recently introduced that unlike previous such methods is unique in that it accounts for the nature of amino acids. The inclusion of this layer of information was shown to improve conformational space sampling and apply for the first time a coarse-grained normal mode analysis method to predict the effect(More)
Contact surface area and chemical properties of atoms are used to concurrently predict conformations of multiple amino acid side chains on a fixed protein backbone. The combination of surface complementarity and solvent-accessible surface accounts for van der Waals forces and solvation free energy. The scoring function is particularly suitable for modeling(More)
MOTIVATION An increasing number of protein structures are being determined for which no biochemical characterization is available. The analysis of protein structure and function assignment is becoming an unexpected challenge and a major bottleneck towards the goal of well-annotated genomes. As shape plays a crucial role in biomolecular recognition and(More)
Normal mode analysis (NMA) methods are widely used to study dynamic aspects of protein structures. Two critical components of NMA methods are coarse-graining in the level of simplification used to represent protein structures and the choice of potential energy functional form. There is a trade-off between speed and accuracy in different choices. In one(More)
Clostridium difficile is the leading cause of hospital-borne infections occurring when the natural intestinal flora is depleted following antibiotic treatment. Current treatments for Clostridium difficile infections present high relapse rates and new hyper-virulent and multi-resistant strains are emerging, making the study of this nosocomial pathogen(More)
The accurate identification of ligand binding sites in protein structures can be valuable in determining protein function. Once the binding site is known, it becomes easier to perform in silico and experimental procedures that may allow the ligand type and the protein function to be determined. For example, binding pocket shape analysis relies heavily on(More)
In metalloproteins, the protein environment modulates metal properties to achieve the required goal, which can be protein stabilization or function. The analysis of metal sites at the atomic level of detail provided by protein structures can thus be of benefit in functional and evolutionary studies of proteins. In this work, we propose a structural(More)
MOTIVATION Current computational methods for the prediction of function from structure are restricted to the detection of similarities and subsequent transfer of functional annotation. In a significant minority of cases, global sequence or structural (fold) similarities do not provide clues about protein function. In these cases, one alternative is to(More)
MOTIVATION In the present work we combine computational analysis and experimental data to explore the extent to which binding site similarities between members of the human cytosolic sulfotransferase family correlate with small-molecule binding profiles. Conversely, from a small-molecule point of view, we explore the extent to which structural similarities(More)