Rafael J Apitz

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Ajoene (4,5,9-trithiadodeca-1,6,11-triene 9-oxide), a product initially isolated from extracts of garlic (Allium sativum), was tested for its antimalarial activity in vivo in a well-characterized murine model. A single ajoene dose of 50 mg/kg, on the day of infection, suppressed the development of parasitemia; there were no obvious acute toxic effects from(More)
Guggulsterone (7) and cembranoids (8-12) from Commiphora mukul stem bark resin guggul were shown to be specific modulators of two independent sites that are also modulated by bile salts (1-6) to control cholesterol absorption and catabolism. Guggulsterone (7) antagonized the chenodeoxycholic acid (3)-activated nuclear farnesoid X receptor (FXR), which(More)
Ajoene is an organosulphur compound derived from garlic with important effects on several membrane-associated processes such as platelet aggregation, as well as being cytotoxic for tumor cell lines in vitro. In the present study, we investigated the effect of ajoene on different cell types in vitro, as well as its inhibitory effects on both primary tumors(More)
Ajoene, (E, Z) -4, 5, 9-trithiadeca-1, 6, 11-triene 9 oxide, is a compound originally isolated from ethanolic extracts of garlic that impairs platelet aggregation by inhibiting the functional exposure of platelet integrins GPIIb/IIIa. In vitro, Ajoene is toxic for several tumoral cell lines, and exert an antiproliferative effect on T. cruzi and murine(More)
OBJECTIVE(S) Folic acid, a micronutrient supporting the natural defense system, may elevate antidepressant responses, although the lymphocyte serotonergic system has not been explored in folate-supplemented depressed patients. METHODS Twenty-seven patients were randomly assigned to groups receiving fluoxetine (20 mg) and folic acid (10 mg/day) or(More)
Dietary experiments, performed in metabolic wards, gave rise to predictive regression equations relating changes of plasma cholesterol concentration to the intake of fatty acids of the diet. It has been established that polyunsaturated fatty acids diminish and most saturated fatty acids increase plasma cholesterol concentration. This information led to(More)
Prevention and health promotion are rewarding investments to stabilize our health security systems. They yield sustainable social and individual profit. This is precisely one of the explicitly declared aims of the government's coalition agreement of October 2002 - to upgrade and extend prevention and health promotion in Germany. The Federal Ministry of(More)
UNLABELLED Although saturated fat acids have long known to have harmful effects on cholesterol and triacylglycerides levels in blood, new concepts have emerged form recent research on this matter. The purpose of this study was to know the effect of the consumption of palm olein on triacylglycerides and cholesterol levels as well as lipoprotein fractions in(More)
LDL-lipids peroxidation is an important step in LDL atherogenicity. Tobacco smoke, promotes oxidative stress and reduces LDL-alfa tocoferol content and plasmatic vitamin C concentration. The objective of this double-blind randomized study was to assess the effect of vitamins E and C combined administration, on oxidative susceptibility of LDL isolated from(More)