Rafael Herrera

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The distribution and fluxes of nitrogen in some parts of a coffee plantation under shade were studied at a typical mountain (1380 m a sl) location in Venezuela. The amounts of nitrogen in the soil to 60 cm depth are by far the largest nitrogen store, reaching a total of 49 000 kg ha−1. The nitrogen flow associated with litterfall was dominated by the(More)
[3-5]. The present communication suggests the presence of one pathway for this reduction in the microsomal system that does not seem to have been reported previously. The more exact nature and magnitude of this process in various tissues need to be studied further. The carcinogenicity of Cr(VI) compounds-particularly less water-soluble ones-has been(More)
High atherosclerosis prevalence was found in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and the von Willebrand factor (vWF) was shown to be a marker for endothelial damage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of intima-media thickness of the left common carotid artery with vWF serum levels in rheumatoid arthritis patients without cardiovascular risk(More)
We designed, optimized, and extensively tested several sensitive and specific real-time PCR assays for rapid detection of both smallpox and pan-orthopox virus DNAs. The assays are based on TaqMan 3'-minor groove binder chemistry and were performed on both the rapid-cycling Roche LightCycler and the Cepheid Smart Cycler platforms. The hemagglutinin (HA) J7R,(More)
The aluminium tolerance of several tree species was studied in a cloud forest in Northern Venezuela, growing on a very acid soil and rich in soluble Al. The Al-accumulator species (>1000 ppm in leaves) were compared to non-accumulator ones in relation to total Al concentration in xylem sap, pH and Al concentration in vacuoles, and rhizosphere alkalinization(More)
In a non-fertilized coffee plantation under shade trees the root biomass was excavated to estimate its distribution in the soil profile. One third of total fine (less than 1 mm) roots was found in the first 10 cm of soil; the cumulative total to 30 cm reached 73%. A highly variable and transient amount of fine roots colonized the litter layer. Root(More)
The phytomass structure of the evergreen lowland forest vegetation (Tall Amazon Caatinga) supported by tropaquods near San Carlos de Rio Negro, Federal Amazon Territory of Venezuela was studied in 13 10 m× 10 m plots. The plots were laid out subjectively to cover a low topographical gradient along which the forest on tropaquod is grading into a low woodland(More)
While Amazonian forests are extraordinarily diverse, the abundance of trees is skewed strongly towards relatively few 'hyperdominant' species. In addition to their diversity, Amazonian trees are a key component of the global carbon cycle, assimilating and storing more carbon than any other ecosystem on Earth. Here we ask, using a unique data set of 530(More)
The Mapire river mouth forms a complex floodplain system, where the river behaves as a river during the dry season, but changes to a transient lake which partially covers the inundation forest during the rainy season. Thus, we expected changes in water chemistry and a gradual increase of primary production during high waters. The system was sampled monthly(More)