Rafael Henriques Jácomo

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We report an increased incidence of high relapse risk features in 157 APL Brazilian patients. Out of 134 patients treated with ATRA and anthracyclines, only 91 (67.9%) achieved remission because 43 (32%) died during induction. The death rate during consolidation was 10.5%. Bleeding complications were the most frequent cause of failure (21.6%).
Activating internal tandem duplication (ITD) mutations in the fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) gene (FLT3-ITD) are associated with poor outcome in acute myeloid leukemia, but their prognostic impact in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) remains controversial. Here, we screened for FLT3-ITD mutations in 171 APL patients, treated with all-trans retinoic acid(More)
Dear Editor, Despite the fact that several studies have reported that 25–45% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in developed countries harbor mutations of the FLT3 gene, little is known about the incidence and clinical relevance of FLT3 mutations in AML patients from developing countries. FLT3 mutations are of two major types: internal tandem(More)
Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), when oxidized by horseradish peroxidase (HRP), is transformed into cytotoxic molecules capable of inducing cell injury. The aim of this study was to test if, by targeting hematopoietic tumors with HRP-conjugated antibodies in association with IAA treatment, there is induction of apoptosis. We used two lineages of hematologic(More)
We report a case of T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia (T-PLL) in a 41-year-old male. Classical cytogenetic, spectral karyotyping (SKY) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies of a blood sample obtained at diagnosis revealed the co-existence of t(X;14)(q28;q11), t(Y;14)(q12;q11) and a ring chromosome derived from i(8)(q10). Immunophenotypic(More)
The use of all trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) is the basis of treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and represents the paradigm of differentiation therapy. In general, ATRA is well-tolerated but may be associated with a potentially lethal side-effect, referred to as retinoic acid or differentiation syndrome (DS). The cellular and molecular mechanisms(More)
We report a case of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) subtype M2, with t(5;11)(q35;q13), in a 30-year-old man. Conventional cytogenetic, spectral karyotyping, and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies on bone marrow sample obtained at diagnosis revealed an abnormal karyotype in all cells examined. FISH analysis demonstrated absence of translocations(More)
Thanks to modern treatment with all-trans retinoic acid and chemotherapy, acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is now the most curable type of leukemia. However, this progress has not yielded equivalent benefit in developing countries. The International Consortium on Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia (IC-APL) was established to create a network of institutions in(More)
BACKGROUND The most primitive leukemic precursor in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is thought to be the leukemic stem cell (LSC), which retains the properties of self-renewal and high proliferative capacity and quiescence of the hematopoietic stem cell. LSC seems to be immunophenotypically distinct and more resistant to chemotherapy than the more committed(More)
The KMT2E (MLL5) gene encodes a histone methyltransferase implicated in the positive control of genes related to haematopoiesis. Its close relationship with retinoic acid-induced granulopoiesis suggests that the deregulated expression of KMT2E might lead acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL) blasts to become less susceptible to the conventional treatment(More)