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We identified areas of the brain that are critical for naming pictures of objects, using a new methodology for testing which components of a network of brain regions are essential for that task. We identified areas of hypoperfusion and structural damage with magnetic resonance perfusion- and diffusion-weighted imaging immediately after stroke in 87(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE MRI has been increasingly used in the evaluation of acute stroke patients. However, MRI must be able to detect early hemorrhage to be the only imaging screen used before treatment such as thrombolysis. Susceptibility-weighted imaging, an echo-planar T2* sequence, can show intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in patients imaged between 2.5(More)
BACKGROUND A 48-year-old man with a past history of a car-accident-induced coma at the age of 3 years and spontaneous bilateral subdural hematomas at the age of 34 years presented with a 2-year history of worsening gait difficulties, clumsiness and dysarthria. CT scans of the brain taken during the 6 months leading up to his presentation had revealed(More)
BACKGROUND The importance of hemodynamic factors in the pathophysiology of stroke and transient ischemic attacks in patients with internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis or occlusion remains controversial. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI) could identify pathophysiologically meaningful categories in patients with symptomatic(More)
BACKGROUND The patterns on diffusion-weighted (DWI) MRI may be predictive of stroke etiology. In this retrospective study, we assessed whether DWI bright lesions termed 'pearls' predicted the presence of large-vessel arterial stenosis as the etiology of stroke. METHODS All stroke and transient ischemic attack admissions to an academic hospital over a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) can occur in patients following acute ischaemic stroke in the form of hemorrhagic transformation, and results in significant long-term morbidity and mortality. Anticoagulation theoretically increases risk. We evaluated stroke patients with an indication for anticoagulation to determine the factors(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Early reperfusion is a predictor of good outcome in acute ischemic stroke. We investigated whether middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusions have a better clinical outcome and proportion of recanalization compared with internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion after standard treatment with intravenous (IV) tissue plasminogen activator(More)
Eighteen consecutive patients undergoing dominant temporal lobectomy underwent preoperative cortical stimulation for language localization. Patients with naming deficits on anterior (4.5 cm from the temporal pole) temporal lobe stimulation had earlier seizure onset vs those without such deficits (5.8 yr vs 12.9 yr; p < 0.04). There was a similar trend for(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Several issues regarding ethnic-cultural factors, sex-related variation, and risk factors for stroke have been described in the literature. However, there have been no prospective studies comparing ethnic differences and stroke subtypes between populations from South America and North America. It has been suggested that natives from(More)