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We identified areas of the brain that are critical for naming pictures of objects, using a new methodology for testing which components of a network of brain regions are essential for that task. We identified areas of hypoperfusion and structural damage with magnetic resonance perfusion- and diffusion-weighted imaging immediately after stroke in 87(More)
Eighteen consecutive patients undergoing dominant temporal lobectomy underwent preoperative cortical stimulation for language localization. Patients with naming deficits on anterior (4.5 cm from the temporal pole) temporal lobe stimulation had earlier seizure onset vs those without such deficits (5.8 yr vs 12.9 yr; p < 0.04). There was a similar trend for(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Several issues regarding ethnic-cultural factors, sex-related variation, and risk factors for stroke have been described in the literature. However, there have been no prospective studies comparing ethnic differences and stroke subtypes between populations from South America and North America. It has been suggested that natives from(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Early reperfusion is a predictor of good outcome in acute ischemic stroke. We investigated whether middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusions have a better clinical outcome and proportion of recanalization compared with internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion after standard treatment with intravenous (IV) tissue plasminogen activator(More)
BACKGROUND Occlusive disease of the posterior circulation represents a heterogeneous group of strokes that differ in etiology, clinical presentation, and prognosis. Computed tomography provides suboptimal visualization of posterior-circulation infarcts. Anatomic definition of traditional magnetic resonance imaging sequences has been used for(More)
The average age of patients undergoing cardiac surgery and the number of comorbidities they possess will continue to increase as surgical technology advances. Toxic/metabolic encephalopathy, hemispheric strokes, hypoxic injury, and peripheral nerve lesions all can occur as a result of cardiac surgery. Therefore, an understanding of the neurologic risk,(More)
BACKGROUND A 48-year-old man with a past history of a car-accident-induced coma at the age of 3 years and spontaneous bilateral subdural hematomas at the age of 34 years presented with a 2-year history of worsening gait difficulties, clumsiness and dysarthria. CT scans of the brain taken during the 6 months leading up to his presentation had revealed(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether EEG performed within 30 min of referral by an ED physician helps establish diagnosis and/or changes management and in which clinical setting. METHODS Single-center prospective cohort intervention study 1 day/week, of sequentially referred adult patients with clinical seizures or altered mental status (AMS). Standard EEGs were(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diffusion-perfusion mismatch has been used to estimate salvageable tissue and predict potential for recovery in acute stroke. Location of the salvageable tissue may be as important as volume or percentage in predicting potential for recovery of specific functions. Impaired naming, a common and disabling deficit after left hemisphere(More)