Rafael Garcés

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The provision of carbon substrates and reducing power for fatty acid synthesis in the heterotrophic plastids of developing embryos of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) has been investigated. Profiles of oil and storage protein accumulation were determined and embryos at 17 and 24 days after anthesis (DAA) were selected to represent early and late periods of(More)
Hepatitis B virus produces chronic infections of the liver leading to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The X protein of hepatitis B virus (HBx) is a multifunctional protein that can interact with p53 but can also influence a variety of signal transduction pathways within the cell. In most instances this small viral protein favors cell survival and(More)
A procedure for the digestion of fresh tissue, transmethylation of lipids, and the extraction of fatty acid methyl esters (FAMES) in one step is described. Fresh tissues or isolated lipids are heated with a reagent containing methanol:heptane:benzene:2,2-dimethoxypropane:H2SO4 (37:36:20:5:2, by vol), methanol:heptane:toluene:2,2-dimethoxypropane:H2SO4(More)
To assess the risk factors associated with CR-BSI development in critically ill patients with non-tunneled, non-cuffed central venous catheters (CVC) and the prognosis of the episodes of CR-BSI. Design and setting; prospective, observational, multicenter study in nine Spanish Hospitals. All subjects admitted to the participating ICUs from October 2004 to(More)
A sunflower mutant, CAS-3, with about 25% stearic acid (C18:0) in the seed oil was recently isolated after a chemical-mutagen treatment of RDF-1-532 seeds (8% C18:0). To study the inheritance of the high C18:0 content, CAS-3 was reciprocally crossed to RDF-1–532 and HA-89 (5% C18:0). Significant reciprocal-cross differences were found in one of the two(More)
Modifications of the fatty acid composition of plant vegetative tissues produce deficient plant growth. To determine the expression of the seed high-saturated sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) mutant character during the vegetative cycle, five sunflower mutant lines (three high-stearic and two high-palmitic) have been studied during their germination and(More)
Two high-palmitic acid sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) mutants, CAS-5 and CAS-12, have been biochemically characterised. The enzymatic activities found to be responsible for the mutant characteristics are β-keto-acyl-acyl carrier protein synthetase II (KASII; EC 2.3.1.41) and acyl-acyl carrier protein thioesterase (EC 3.1.2.14). Our data suggest that the(More)
The substrate specificity of acyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) thioesterases (EC 3.1.2.14) determines the fatty acids available for the biosynthesis of storage and membrane lipids in seeds. In order to determine the mechanisms involved in the biosynthesis of fatty acids in sunflower seeds (Helianthus annuus L.), we isolated, cloned and sequenced a cDNA clone(More)
Acyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) thioesterases are enzymes that terminate the intraplastidial fatty acid synthesis in plants by hydrolyzing the acyl-ACP intermediates and releasing free fatty acids to be incorporated into glycerolipids. These enzymes are classified in two families, FatA and FatB, which differ in amino acid sequence and substrate specificity.(More)
The triacylglycerol (TAG) composition of oils from new high-saturated sunflower lines has been studied by means of GLC. The TAG profiles have been compared with the TAG reconstruction made after lipase hydrolysis (according to the 2-random 1,3-random theory). New TAG species with asclepic (cis,Delta11-octadecenoic acid, isomer of oleic acid), araquidic, or(More)